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Governing China: How The CPC Works

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Author: Xie Chuntao;
Language: English
Page: 366
Publication Date: 02/2013
ISBN: 9787510437939
Publisher: New World Press
Details
A look at what's behind the achievements of the Communist Party of China.This is a book interpreting the reasons for the successes the CPC has won at different periods of time.
This is a writing expressing ideas through stories or readers of all levels.
This is a work evaluating the CPC in an objective and accurate way, including Western and Chinese scholars' comments.

About Author
Xie Chuntao is a professor and deputy director of the Teaching and Research Department of CPC History at the Party School of the Central Committee of the CPC. He was born in Linshu County, Shandong Province, in February 1963. From 1978 to 1988 he studied at the Shandong Normal University, Zhejiang University and Renmin University of China, and obtained a bachelor's degree in education, a master's degree in law and a doctorate in law. He has been teaching and doing research on the history of the CPC at the Party School of the Central Committee of the CPC since 1988. His publications include Turmoil of the Great Leap Forward and A Brief History of the 1959 Mount Lushan Meeting. He compiled and edited A History of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, China in Transition: from 1976 to 1982, An Illustrated History of the 50 Years of the PRC, and China Through the Ages - from Confucius to Deng (English edition), and Why and How the CPC Works in China (Chinese and English editions). In addition, he has published over 100 articles. He is now an executive council member and deputy secretary-general of the History Society of the CPC. He is also a guest professor and part-time researcher at many institutions of higher learning.
Table of Contents
Chapter One 
Achieving the leadership of the country 
The Choices of History and the People 
Innovations in Ideology 
Proposing Guiding Principles 
Reforming the Means of Governance 
Chapter Two 
Embodying all power in the hands of the people 
From the Soviet to the People's Congresses 
"People's Parliament" 
State Power Organs at All Levels 
Representing and Reflecting People's Will 
Chapter Three 
Dealing with the relation between the central and local governments 
China Doesn't Pursue a Federal System 
"The Central Authority" 
Giving Some Autonomy to Localities 
The Problem of Compartmentalized Governance 
Chopter Four 
Carrying out multi-party cooperation and political consultation 
From the Old CPPCC to the New CPPCC 
Political Consultation 
Democratic Supervision 
Participate in and Deliberate on State Affairs 
Chapter Five 
Practicing ethnic regional autonomy 
From Ethnic Self-determination to Ethnic Autonomy 
Extensive and Comprehensive Autonomous Rights 
Common Prosperity and Development of All Ethnic Groups 
Freedom of Religious Belief 
Chapter Six 
Accomplishing reunification of the country 
The Rcturn of Hong Kong and Macao 
The Basic Law and a High Degree of Autonomy 
Fortune Admits a Mistake: Hong Kong Is Hardly Dead 
The Policy on Taiwan Will Be Even More Flexible 
Chapter Seven 
Implementing self-governance of the masses at the grassroots level 
Another Creation After the Household-Contracted Responsibility System 
Organic Law of the Village Committees 
"Ocean Election" of the Chinese Farmers 
Self-governance in Urban Communities 
Chapter Eight 
Building a socialist state under the rule of law 
From Rule by Man to Rule of Law 
Enacting Laws 
Rule of Law in State and Social Administration 
Hard Work and a Long Road Ahead 
Chapter Nine 
Selecting and managing cadres 
Strict Criteria for Cadre Selection and Appointment 
Level-by-Level Classification Management 
Making the Party a Big University 
The Party Studies to Live Long 
Chapter Ten 
Making the economy grow steadily and quickly 
Single Public Ownership and Coupon-based Supply 
Big-bowl Tea: The Start of Non-public Ownership 
Market Economy with Chinese Characteristics 
Reform of State-owned Enterprises: From Burden to Pillar 
Chapter Eleven 
Developing and promoting the prosperity of culture 
"Man Must Have Some Spirit" 
Strategy of Rejuvenating the Country Through Science and Education 
The Reform of the Cultural System 
Enhancing the Influence of Chinese Culture 
Chapter Twelve 
Improving social undertakings and social management 
"Short Leg" Exposed by SARS 
Developing Social Undertakings 
Building Up the Benefits of Socialism 
Innovating Social Management 
Postscript 
Index
Sample Pages Preview

The current Constitution, which was revised in 1982, specifically reflects the principles and policies established following the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, and in particular after the 12th National Congress of the CPC. With the deepening of reform and opening up, the Party has modified its policies in various fields in order to adapt them to changing and evolving economic conditions, resulting in several revisions of the Constitution. 
In October 1987, the 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China elaborated on the nature, status and function of the private economy in the socialist primary stage. Later, the CPC Central Committee strengthened the preparation work for legislation related to the private economy and officially submitted the recommendations, "Suggestion on the Revision of Some Articles of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China," to the NPC Standing Committee. It suggested some articles of law and the legal transfer of land-use rights to be amended based on reforms to the economic structure and practices of further opening up to the outside world. Through the constitutional revision procedures of the National People's Congress, the amendments were integrated in 1988. 
In October 1992, the 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made it clear that reform goals for the economic system included building a socialist market economic system. But this goal was not in line with, and even conflicted with the planned economy requirement stipulated in the Constitution. The revision of the Constitution was once again put on the agenda. On February 14, 1993, the CPC Central Committee suggested a revision to some parts of the Constitution and submitted them to the NPC Standing Committee, which on February 22, at its 39th meeting, was discussed and accepted. The constitutional amendment was forwarded to the First Session of the Eighth National People's Congress for examination and approval, and was accepted finally in 1993.
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