The Chinese War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History

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Concise Historical Reading of Chinese Anti-Japanese War overall reviews the 14 years of arduous history of Chinese Anti-Japanese war from Mukden Incident in 1931 to Japanese Emperor's surrender announcement in 1945. The whole anti-Japanese war lasted for 14 years. The first 6 years of battles took place mainly in the northeast, the north and also Shanghai of China, which is regarded as the first sign and also the important part of the whole anti-Japanese war. The latter 8 years of general war, as the extension and development of the local war, is regarded as the final victory over the Japanese aggressors.
Table of Contents

Ⅰ.Fourteen Years of Resistance
Ⅱ.A National Turning Point: from Decline to Rejuvenation
Ⅲ.The Main Eastern Battlefield in the Global War against Fascism
Ⅳ.The Mainstay of Chinese United Resistance
Chapter One Japan Invades and China's Regional Resistance Starts the Global War against Fascism
Ⅰ.Militarism and the Eastern Hotbed of War Develop in Japan
Ⅱ.Japan Manufactures the September 18th Incident,Starting Its Regional Aggression against China
1.The September 18th Incident and the occupation of northeast China
2.Chiang Kai—shek's policy of non—resistance and British and US non—interference
3.The puppet state of Manchukuo and Japanese colonial rule
Ⅲ.Regional Resistance Begins
1.The CPC's call for resistance against Japanese aggression
2.The birth of a nationwide resistance movement
3.Armed struggle in northeast China
4.The January 28th Incident and the Battle of Shanghai
Chapter Two Regional Resistance Develops and the Chinese United Front against Japanese Aggression Begins to Take Shape
Ⅰ.Japanese Aggression Escalates and
Regional Resistance Develops
1.The fall of Rehe and the Battle of the Great Wall
2.The defense of Chahar
3.The defense of Suiyuan
Ⅱ.Japan Engineers theNorth China Incident"and the Resistance Movement Reaches New Heights
1.The"North China Incident"and the Chinese nation in greater crisis
2.The December 9th Movement and the growth of the nationwide resistance movement
3.The CPC's basic policy on the Chinese united front
Ⅲ.In Northeast China Backstage Battlefields Take Shape and Counter—Japanese Guerrilla Warfare Reaches a High
Ⅳ.KMT—CPC Cooperation Begins to Form and China Prepares for Nationwide Resistance
1.The KMT's adjustment to its Japan policy and the CPC's decision to press Chiang Kai—shek to resist
2.The Xi"an Incident and its peaceful resolution
3.The initial formation of the Chinese united front
4.Preparations for nationwide resistance
Chapter Three Japan Launches Full—Scale Aggression and China Responds with Nationwide Resistance,Becoming the Main Eastern Battlefield in the Global War against Fascism
Ⅰ.Nationwide Resistance Begins and the United Front Formally Takes Shape
1.The Lugou Bridge Incident and the beginning of nationwide resistance
2.The global impact of the full—scale war between China and Japan
Ⅱ.Lines and Strategies for the War of Resistance
1.The CPC"s line and strategy
2.The KMT's line and strategy
Ⅲ.Reorganization of the Red Army's Main Forces and Victory at Pingxingguan
Ⅳ.The Battles of Shanghai and Taiyuan
1.The Battle of Shanghai
2.The Battle of Taiyuan
Chapter Four Coordination Develops between Center Stage and Backstage Battlefields,and the Japanese Fascists' Attempt at a Quick Victory Is Shattered
Ⅰ.Backstage Battlefields in Northern China
1.The Eighth Route Army's guerrilla warfare in the mountains and the establishment of its resistance bases
2.Local armed resistance forces and guerrilla warfare in northern China
3.The Eighth Route Army's guerrilla warfare on the plains and its protection of resistance bases in mountainous areas
Ⅱ.The Battles of Nanjing and Xuzhou
1.The Battle of Nanjing
2.The Battle of Xuzhou and victory at Tai'erzhuang
Ⅲ.The New Fourth Army's Fight against the Japanese and Its Backstage Battlefields in Central China
1.Reorganization of Red Army guerrilla forces in eight southern provinces into the New Fourth Army
2.The New Fourth Army's guerrilla warfare and its resistance bases in central China
Ⅳ.The Battle of Wuhan and the Fall of Guangzhou
1.The Battle of Wuhan
2.The fall of Guangzhou
Chapter Five The Chinese Resistance Reaches a High and China Receives Support from the International Community
Ⅰ.The Political,Economic,Cultural,and Diplomatic Landscape in China Following the Start of the Nationwide War of Resistance
1.The political climate
2.The wartime economy
3.Resistance—related cultural and educational activities
4.Chinese diplomacy
Ⅱ.The People's Resistance in China
1.Classes,social strata,and social groups
2.Ethnic minorities
3.The people of Hong Kong and Macao
Ⅲ.Assistance from Overseas Chinese
1.Resistance movements organized by Chinese communities overseas
2.Economic assistance
3.Contributions of manpower
Ⅳ.International Support
1.Sympathy and assistance from people around the world
2.Assistance from the USSR,the US,and other countries
Chapter Six China Continues to Fight Alone and the Backstage Battlefields Become the Main Battleground in the Nationwide War of Resistance
Chapter Seven Chinese Soldiers and Civilians Fight on and China Continues to Be the Main Eastern Battlefield in the Global War against Fascism
Chapter Eight Japanese Fascist Atrocities
Chapter Nine China Engages in Local Counter—Attacks and Cooperates with Other Allied Forces in Strategic Counter—Offensives
Chapter Ten Japan Surrenders and Victory Is Secured
Concluding Remarks

Sample Pages Preview
For centuries Xinkou had been a place of strategic importance,on October 7,Japanese troops,with aerial and artillery support,occupied the county seat of Guo,and came into confrontation with Chinese troops at Yuanping.At this,Yen Hsi—shan decided that his Chinese troops should shift into defensive position along the whole line.The Eighth Route Army,meanwhile,took a proactive approach and attacked the enemy from both the side and the rear,in a move which enabled it to recover the county towns of Pinglu,Ningwu and Laiyuan from the Japanese.It also launched sabotage operations along the Datong to Shuo County section of the Datong—Puzhou Railway,drawing close to Datong.
On October 11,the Japanese troops continued their fierce attack on Yuanping.The officers and soldiers of the 196th Brigade of the 19th Army of the Chinese Central Army fought back courageously,but the brigade suffered heavy losses including Brigade Commander Jiang Yuzhen,and in the end,only around 200 men survived.With this,the town of Yuanping fell into enemy hands.On October 13,the Japanese began attacking the Chinese positions at Xinkou,in response to which the Chinese forces launched a counter—attack.Two days later,after a string of seven clashes for Hill 1300 the two sides became locked in a face—off at Nanhuaihua.
Considering the strategic importance of Nanhuaihua to the battle in Xinkou in northern Shanxi,Wei Li—huang,commander—in—chief of the Central Army,decided to assign five brigades to launch a counter—attack against the Japanese forces there.The fighting began in the early hours of October 16,and the position changed hands several times during a day and night of exceptionally fierce combat,in which both sides suffered several thousand casualties.Commander of the 9th Army Hao Mengling and 54th Division Commander Liu Jiaqi both laid down their lives while directing operations at the front.
The Chinese War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History