The War to Resist Us Aggression and Aid Korea

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Table of Contents
Volume I
Chapter One
The Situation and Tasks After the Founding of the People’sRepublic of China 1
The Domestic Situation When the PRC Was Founded and the Tasks ofthe People’s Government 3
The Third Plenary Session of the 7th CPC Central Committee Estimating Fundamental Improvement of Finan and Economic Situation in Three Years 8
The Missions of the People’s Liberation Army 11
Chapter Two
The Korean Civil War Broke Out 15
The Origin of the 38th Parallel 17
Different Policies of the US and the Soviet Union on the Korean Issue and the Establishment of Two Governments in South and North Korea 25
The Struggle and Military Preparation Focusing on the Issue of Unification of South and North Korea 39
The Korean Civil War Broke Out 45
Chapter Three
US Armed Invasion of Korea and Taiwan and the Internationalization of the Korean War 51
US Policy Toward Korea and Taiwan Before the Korean Civil War 53
The US Armed Intervention of the Korean Civil War and Aggression of Taiwan 61
The Formation of US-Lead UN Forces and the Internationalization of the Korean War 74
Chapter Four
The Position and Peaceful Diplomatic Efforts of the Chinese Government 85
Position of the Chinese Government After the Outbreak of the Korean War 87
Diplomatic Efforts Made by the Chinese Government to Solve the Korean Issue Peacefully 92
Chapter Five
China Deciding to Establish the Northeast Frontier Force Based on Forethought 99
The Analysis and Decision Making on the National Security Situation by the CPC Central Committee 101
Adjusting the National Defense Deployment and Establishing the Northeast Frontier Force 111
Build-up of the Northeast Frontier Force and Adjustment of Command Relationship 119
Strengthening the Northeast Frontier Force and Deploying the Second-line and Third-line Forces 129
Chapter Six
The Korean War Was Stalemated and the US Aircraft Outrageously Attacked Chinese Towns Along Northeast Border 135
Korean People’s Army Marching Southward and Swiftly Liberating Vast Areas of South Korea 137
US Troops Holding Fast to Pusan Perimeter and the Korean War Being Stalemated 146
US Aircraft Intruding into Chinese Airspace and Attacking Towns and Villages on Northeastern Border 154
Chapter Seven
War Preparation of the Northeast Frontier Force 159
Mobilization and Deployment at the Shenyang Military Conference 161
Political Mobilization and Education 167
Military Training 172
Reorganization and Equipment Adjustment 181
Logistical Support and Material Preparation 190
Chapter Eight
The US Troops Landing at Inchon and the War Situation Reversed 197
The US Troops Landing at Inchon 199
The US Army Launching All-Round Counterattacks and the KPA Switching to Strategic Retreat 210
Suggestions of the CPC to North Korea After the US Landing at Inchon 217
Chapter Nine
The US Ground Troops Crossing the 38th Parallel and Advancing Northward in an Attempt to Occupy the Whole Korea 225
The US Government Deciding to Cross the 38th Parallel and Occupy the Whole Korea 227
The Chinese Government Warning the US Not to Cross the 38th Parallel and Expand the War 240
The US Manipulating the UN to Pass the Illegal Resolution and the US Ground Troops Crossing the 38th Parallel to Invade North Korea 248
Chapter Ten
Korea Requesting China to Provide Military Assistance and the CPC Central Committee Deciding to Resist US Aggression and
Aid Korea and Defend China 257
The Workers’ Party of Korea and North Korean Government Requesting the Soviet Union and China to Provide Direct Military Assistance 259
The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee Deciding to Establish the CPVs to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea and Safeguard China 268
Consultation Between China and the Soviet Union on Sending Troops to Aid Korea 290
Chapter Eleven
China’s Deployment and Preparations for the Victory of the Korean War 303
The CPC Central Committee’s Judgment on the Development of Situation After the CPVs Joining the War 305
Adjustment of the Priority of Army Building and Preparations of Air Defense and Coastal Defense 308
Making War Plans in Korea and Three-Year Development Plans for the Arms and Forces and Asking for the Soviet Assistance in
Weaponry and Equipment 316
Northeast Administrative Region Serving as the General Rear Base for the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea 320
Adjusting Fiscal Policies for the War in Korea 325
Accelerating the Elimination of Bandits, Implementation of Land Reform and Suppressing Counter-Revolutionaries 328
The Movement to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea 335
Chapter Twelve
The Chinese People’s Volunteers Advancing to the Korean Battlefield 341
The Mobilization and Preparation of the CPVs Before Joining Battle 343
The Initial Operational Plan of the CPVs 353
The Education on Policies and Discipline of Overseas Operations by the CPVs 359
The CPVs Advancing to Korea to Kick Off the War to Resist US
Aggression and Aid Korea 365
Chapter Thirteen
The Battlefield Situation at the Time of CPVs Entry into Korea and the Change of Original Operational Plan 373
The CPVs Entering the Korean Battlefield in Battle Stance 375
The Battlefield Situation at the Time of the CPVs Entry into Korea 379
The Strength and Equipment of the Belligerent Sides at the Time of the CPVs Entry into Korea 387
The UN Forces Moving Northward to the Sino-Korean Borders; the CPVs Deciding to Wipe Out the Enemy One by One in Movement 395
Mao Zedong’s Determination to Strive for Every Possible Victory on the Basis of Certainty and Reliability 402
Chapter Fourteen
The First Campaign 407
The CPVs Seizing Opportunities to Win the First Campaign 409
The War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea Beginning and the First Campaign Kicking Off 420
The CPVs Separately Annihilating the Enemy Advancing Rashly 425
The CPVs Dealing a Heavy Blow to the US 1st Cavalry Division in the Battle of Unsan 438
The US 8th Army in Full Retreat; the CPVs Main Force Pushing Forward to Chongchon River 453
On the Eastern Front the CPVs Blocking and Preventing the US 10th Corps from Moving Northward and Westward 463
Chapter Fifteen
The Domestic and Oversea Views About China’s Military Action in Korea 473
The Xinhua News Agency’s First Report of the CPVs Entering the War and a Multi-Party Joint Declaration Issued 475
Countries in the Pro-Democracy Camp and Peace-Loving People Expressing Support for the CPVs Action 480
The US Government’s Slander Against the CPVs and the Chinese Government’s Refutation 484
Chapter Sixteen
The UN Forces Deciding to Launch an All-Out Offensive and the CPVs Deployment Fundamentally Reversing
the Korean War Situation 489
Judgments and Decisions of the US Government About Objectives of the CPVs Entering the Korean War 491
The Plan and Preparations of an All-Out Offensive of the UN Forces 504
The CPVs Guideline for the Second Campaign 512
The CPVs Preparation for the Second Campaign 522
The CPVs Successfully Luring the Enemy to the Predetermined Battlefields 528
Chapter Seventeen
Operations on the Western Front in the Second Campaign 541
The CPVs Deployment of Counteroffensives on the Western Front in the Second Campaign 543
The CPVs Making a Breakthrough by Wiping Out the Majoirty of the South Korean 7th and 8th Divisions in the Battles of Tokchon and Nyongwon 549
The CPVs Encircling the US 9th Corps from Three Directions by Outflanking to the Rear and Mounting Frontal Assaults 559
The CPVs Inflicting Heavy Casualties on the US 9th Corps in the Battle of the Chongchon River 573
Chapter Eighteen
Operations on the Eastern Front in the Second Campaign and the CPVs Bringing the Offensive to a Successful End 585
The CPVs Deployment of Counterattacks on the Eastern Front 587
The CPVs 9th Formation Separating and Encircling US Forces in the Changjin Reservoir Area 595
In the Battle at Sinhungri, CPVs Forces Wiping Out RCT-31 of the US 7th Division 602
The CPVs Annihilating the Ace US 1st Marine Division Through Encirclement, Pursuit, Blocking and Interception 609
The UN Forces Retreating in Defeat to Areas South of the 38th Parallel and the CPVs Forces Successfully Ending the Second Campaign 621
Chapter Nineteen
Major Victory of the Chinese People on the Diplomatic Front 635
The Chinese Government Requesting the UN Security Council to Discuss the Proposal Concerning US Aggression Against Taiwan 637
The Chinese Representative Accusing the US of Its Aggression Crime at the UNSC 649
Chapter Twenty
Decision to Foil US Attempt to Play with “Ceasefire” 659
Nuclear Intimidation of the US President and Talks Between Heads of the US and Britain 661
The US “Ceasefire” Plot and the Chinese Foreign Minister’s Statement 672
Mao Zedong’s Analysis of the War Situation and His Decisions 682
Establishment of the Sino-Korean United Command 691
Chapter Twenty-One
The Third Campaign 697
Defeatist Sentiments of the UN Forces and Its Deployment After Retreating to the 38th Parallel 699
Deployment and Preparations of the CPVs and KPA Forces 704
Breaking Through the Established Positions of the UN Forces at the 38th Parallel 715
Pursuing the Enemy and Occupying Seoul 723
Closing In on the 37th Parallel and Calling Off the Battle in Good Time 728
Appendix I: Tables of Organization Order 1-8 735
Index 747
Proper Nouns 747
Personal Names 749
Place Names 752

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The War to Resist Us Aggression and Aid Korea