China and Foreign Aid

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On several occasions since 2016, Chinese President Xi Jinping stressed the importance of China’s active participation in the international efforts to reform the system of global governance. Written by a group of prominent Chinese scholars and officials, the China and Global Governance Series aims to present the international readers with China’s approach to global governance and the Chinese wisdom behind it. In the ten titles forming this series, the authors elaborate on China’s perspectives on global governance, peace, and development, as well as seven other important aspects of global governance—financial security, energy security, climate change management, foreign aid, cybersecurity, human rights protection, and anti-terrorism.

About Author
Wang Luo is the director of the Institute of International Development Cooperation under the Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation (CAITEC). Her research interests cover topics related to foreign aid and international development cooperation. She is the author of The Proposal and Instruction of Chinese Official Development Assistance to South Pacific Regions, and Human Resource Development Cooperation through Chinese Official Development Assistance. In addition, she was the leading editor of The White Paper on Chinese Official Development Assistance (2014).
Table of Contents
Chapter One Chinese Foreign Aid: Past and Present 
1.1 The Initial Phase (1950–1978) 
1.2 The Adjustment Phase (1979–1999) 
1.3 The Current Steady Phase (since 2000) 
Chapter Two Chinese Foreign Aid in the New Era 
2.1 New Responsibilities: Building a Community with Shared Future for Mankind 
2.2 Changing Dynamics between South and North 
2.3 New Challenges: Rigorous Global Development Issues 
2.4 New Model: Transforming Development Financing and the Role of Aid Participants 
2.5 New Hope: Improving International Cooperation 
2.6 New Mechanisms: Cooperative Platforms and Aid Guarantees 
Chapter Three Chinese Foreign Aid and its Characteristics 
3.1 The Concept behind Chinese Foreign Aid 
3.2 The Principles behind Chinese Foreign Aid 
3.3 The Characteristics of Chinese Foreign Aid 
Chapter Four Governance Support 
4.1 Chinese Foreign Aid Practices in Governance Support 
4.2 New Trends in Governance Support 
4.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution 
Chapter Five Infrastructural Aid 
5.1 Chinese Foreign Aid Practices in Infrastructure 
5.2 New Trends in Infrastructural Aid 
5.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution 
Chapter Six Aid for Trade 
6.1 Chinese Foreign Aid Practices in Trade 
6.2 New Trends in Aid for Trade 
6.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution 
Chapter Seven Medical and Healthcare Aid 
7.1 Chinese Foreign Aid Practices in Healthcare 
7.2 New Trends in Medical and Healthcare Aid 
7.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution 
Chapter Eight Agricultural Aid and Poverty Reduction 
8.1 Chinese Foreign Aid Practices in Agriculture and Poverty Reduction 
8.2 New Trends in International Agricultural Assistance and Poverty Reduction 
8.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution 
Chapter Nine Environmental Aid 
9.1 Chinese Foreign Aid Practices in Environmental Conservation 
9.2 New Trends in Environmental Aid 
9.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution 
Chapter Ten Humanitarian Aid 
10.1 China’s Practices in Humanitarian Aid 
10.2 New Trends in Humanitarian Aid 
10.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution 
Chapter Eleven Aid for Education and Culture 
11.1 Chinese Foreign Aid Practices in Education and Culture 
11.2 New Trends in Aid for Education and Culture 
11.3 Outlook on the Chinese Solution
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Sample pages of China and Foreign Aid (ISBN:9787508534268)
Sample pages of China and Foreign Aid (ISBN:9787508534268)
Sample pages of China and Foreign Aid (ISBN:9787508534268)

China started its foreign aid program in the 1950s, which has evolved with the times according to its own development logic. Safeguarding national interests and advocating internationalism are two parallel themes guiding its development assistance efforts. China has consistently adhered to the principle of equality and fair treatment in foreign aid, and has never used foreign aid to interfere in the internal affairs of another country or seek political privileges. This stands as the cornerstone for trust between countries and has earned China a good name as one of the world’s major powers.
Over the past 60 years, China has offered its foreign aid to as many as 166 countries and international organizations with nearly RMB 400 billion of funding, and has dispatched over 600,000 aid workers, among whom more than 700 have sacrificed their lives in the course of service. China has helped with more than 2,000 projects in over 120 countries and across 5 continents around the world. The projects have met the needs of developing countries in infrastructure, poverty reduction, agriculture, healthcare, education, environmental conservation, and humanitarian work. Chinese foreign aid is characterized by its emphasis on independence, equality, modesty, and pragmatism. This is true both in supporting the liberation and economic independence of the Asian, African, and Latin American countries and in promoting the socioeconomic development of developing countries. Without a doubt, China has developed its own foreign aid model with Chinese characteristics.
China and Foreign Aid