China's Maritime Laws and Maritime Rights & Interests

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Table of Contents
The Oldest Creature "Methuselah Worms"--The origin of China's Marine Legal System 
The "Moniang (Silent Girl)" in 1000 AD 
Overseas Trade Vessel Management Officials and Ao-Jia and Chuan-Jia Systems 
Ban on Maritime Activities during the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties: "No Ships Are Allowed at Sea" 
Origin of Modern Law of the Sea: the Draft of Commercial Law of the Qing Dynasty, the Fisheries Law and the "Order of Three Sea Miles regarding Territorial Waters" 
Marine Legal System after the the Founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 
The Chinese Boxes--China's Marine Legal System within 
the Framework of International Law of the Sea 
From "Res communes" to "Res nullius" and then to "Territorial Sea" 
China in the Third World, and Three United Nations Conferences on the Law of the Sea 
China's Voice and Stand in UNCLOS 
The Five-star Red Flag Flying at the Sea -- China's Maritime Rights and Position 
Internal Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone and Innocent Passage 
The 200-nautical-mile Exclusive Economic Zone and the Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles 
Maritime Rights and Interests within the Waters under Jurisdiction - 
Sovereignty over the Internal Waters and Territorial Sea, and Control over the Contiguous Zone 
Sovereign Rights and Jurisdiction over the Exclusive Economic Zone and the Continental Shelf 
"Historic" Rights 
Maritime Rights and Interests over Waters beyond National Jurisdiction 
Main Disputes on Marine Rights and Interests with Surrounding Countries 
Marine Delimitation 
Marine Resources 1 
Marine Security 3 
Laws of "Blue Economy"--Revolution to Disorderly, Excessive and Gratuitous Use of the Sea 
"Ding", the Model of the Fuding City 
Law of the People's Republic of China on the Administration of Sea Areas 
The Will of 1.3 Billion People --Prevention & Treatment of Marine Pollution Nationwide 
"Unified Supervision and Control, and Assignment of Responsibility to Different Departments" 
Key Supervision and Control Functions Exercised by the State 
Prevention and Control System for Pollution of Land-sourced Pollutants to the Sea 
Prevention and Control System for Pollution of Coastal and Marine Construction Projects to the Sea 
Prevention and Control System for Pollution of Waste Dumping to the Sea 
Construction of Blue Ecological Barrier along the Coastline 
Blue Ribbon around the Islands--Laws Protecting Thousands of Islands 
Blue Ribbon Ocean Conservation Society 
Special Economic and Social Development Zone 
Establishing Ownership of Uninhabited Islands 
Clarifying Articles on Ecological Protection and Utilization of Islands 
Strict Limitations on Buildings and Facilities Construction on Islands 
Prohibition of All Topography and Landform Change Activities in Territorial Sea Protection 
Island Management System 
Neighborhood Disputes--Pending Marine Disputes between China and Neighboring Countries 
The Diaoyu Islands: Key Variables to Affect Sino-Japanese Relations and Stability of the East China Sea 
The South China Sea: the Complex and Profound Situation The South China Sea Arbitration 
Embracing the World--China's Peace, Development and Win-win Principles on Marine Development 
China's Disapproval with the Theory of "Big Powers always Seek Hegemony" 
Dialogue: Solve the Land Border Issues Left in History with 12 Neighboring Countries 
Peace: Appreciate and Actively Participate in Bilateral and Multilateral Negotiations 
Common Prosperity: Value Achieved Success and Continue the Efforts 
Foster Amicable Relationships and Partnerships with Neighboring Countries
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Mao Zedong proposed an opinion different from the traditional one.He treated the two superpowers, the United States and the former Soviet Union, as the First World, other countries aligned with them as the Second World, and those non-aligned with them as the Third World. This opinioninfluenced the development of the Non-Aligned Movement in Asia andAfrica. 
After the end of the "Cold War", many countries redefined the Three Worlds according to economic and social development. 
As a product of modern European civilization, the traditional law ofthe sea embodied the interests of Western sea powers to a larger degree.After World War II, the world pattern had undergone great changes, inwhich the Third World countries played a significant role in the international arena. New legal issues frequently occurred with the ever-expanding range of activities at sea. To address these problems, the United Nations held three conventions on the law of the sea, not only promoting development ofthe international marine legal system, but also deeply influencing China'smarine legal system and creating a basic framework of China's modernmarine legal system. 
The First United Nations Conference on the Lawof the Sea (UNCLOS l): Shift from CustomaryLaw to Treaty Law 
In November 1947, the 2nd Session of the United Nations GeneralAssembly adopted a resolution establishing the International LawCommission (ILC), whose priority would be dealing with the internationallaw of the sea. In 1956, the ILC finalized its report on the draft of theinternational law of the sea.
China's Maritime Laws and Maritime Rights & Interests