Leaving No One Behind: China's Stories of Poverty Alleviation

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Table of Contents


Let’s Join Hands to Embark on the Avenue to Common

Prosperity 1

Chapter 1

Poverty Alleviation with Chinese Characteristics: One of the Greatest Stories in Human History A “World Record” of Poverty Alleviation 3

Targeted Poverty Alleviation with Chinese Characteristics 10

Chapter 2

From Central to Local Governments: A Blueprint throughout to the End For the Wellbeing and Happiness of the People of Xichou County and Funing County - 24 Years of Successive Efforts by 27 Officials from the Supreme People’s Procuratorate to Help Yunnan Province Reduce Poverty 37

Fuping’s Road to Prosperity - Multiple Measures Taken to Strengthen Internal Impetus for Poverty Alleviatioin 58

The Road to Poverty Alleviation in Jinzhai County - Developing Solar Power Industry to Increase Income for Poor Households 74

Minning Township: Change from “Dry Sandbank” to“Golden Sandbank”- Fujian-Ningxia Coordinated “Relocation for Poverty Alleviation” Model 88

Start-ups in Shanglin County Embark on the Road to Prosperity - The Poverty Alleviation Model of “Double Nurturing”Created by Guangdong-Guangxi Cooperation 108

Medical Assistance Works for Poverty Alleviation in Poor Counties in Yunnan - Shanghai-Yunnan Cooperation Model of Counterpart Medical Assistance 126

Shibadong Village: An Insight into Heritage and Development - Targeted Poverty Alleviation Originates in this Miao Village that Establishes the Work and the Words 143

The Sea Change of Village 7

— Ethnical Integration and Poverty Alleviation through Industrial Development Boost Improvement on Livelihood in Xinjiang 159

The Successful Experiment of Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Rural Vitalization in Hebian Village - Non-Profit Assistance against Poverty with Multiparty-Participation 172

A New Path to Ecological Poverty Alleviationin Horqin Zuoyi Rear Banner - Promote Poverty Alleviation through Eco-Protection and Eco-Compensation 190

The Secret of Lankao County in Getting Free from Poverty within Three Years - "The Spirit of Jiao Yulu" and "The Four Red Flags" 202

Chapter 3

From Individuals to Enterprises: A "New Prescription" for Poverty Alleviation

A Good Secretary who Leads the Yi Mountain Village to Escape Poverty - “Four Fundamental Rules” in “Blood Making” for Liangshan’s Development 223

A “Workaholic” Quits Her Job but not Her Love for the People - A Good Youngster in Lingqiu’s Poverty Alleviation who does not Hold Her Horse in the Fight against Poverty 237

The Dream of a “Contemporary Female Yugong”- Happiness Is Achieved through Hard Work 256

A “Strong woman” Physically Disabled but Ethically Whole and Perfect - Combines “the Yimeng Spirit”, “Willpower” and “Brainpower” to Set up a Poverty Alleviation Workshop 270

Truncate Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty by Non-Profit Vocational Education

— A Free Vocational Education Poverty Alleviation Model of the BN Vocational School 283

Actively Taking on Corporate Social Responsibility, Assisting Bijie to Win the Fight against Poverty - Evergrande’s Passion: “Let People Be Free from Hunger and Cold” 298

The Internet Boosts China’s Poverty Alleviation - The Alibaba Poverty Alleviation Fund and the Model of “Internet + Poverty Alleviation” 315

Chapter 4

From Asia to Africa: China's Poverty Alleviation “Goes Global” Meeting the Needs of the Other Side of the Community with a Shared Future - Practice and Exploration of Non-Profit Educational Assistance Projects in Laos 335

“Multidimensional Poverty Alleviation” Sings a New Idyll in the Prairies — Exploring Mongolia’s Non-Profit Poverty Alleviation Model 351

Jointly Build a Community with a Shared Future in China's Neighborhood

— A Cambodian Pilot Project of Poverty Reduction Cooperation 366

Nurture of Independent Development Capacity — Exploring the China-Tanzanian Cooperation on Agriculture and Poverty Alleviation Model 381

Appendix: Reference Table of US Dollar Exchange Rate against RMB (1949-2019) 395

Afterword 397

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Let’s Join Hands to Embark on the Avenue to Common Prosperity

Huang Ping

Member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, Senior Research Fellow of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and President of Chinese Society of World Political Studies

I have read Leaving No One Behind: China’s Stories of Poverty Alleviation organized by the International Department of the CPC Central Committee and written by the Foreign Affairs Division of the International Poverty Reduction Center in China with joy and even excitement. With 22 vivid stories of targeted poverty alleviation, this Book expounds on the policy measures taken by the Communist Party of China and the Chinese government in implementing the strategy of targeted poverty alleviation since the 18th CPC National Congress, presents varying practices done by actors ranging from the central government to the local governments, and from enterprises (organizations) to individuals, and in addition, discusses early outcomes of the poverty alleviation programs China piloted in other developing countries in Asia and Africa. Many thoughts spring to my mind after reading the book.

Since its founding, the Communist Party of China has stayed true to its original mission of seeking rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and happiness of the people, and always been mindful of its purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly. During the great revolution that overthrew the three big mountains of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic-capitalism, it relied firmly on the people and worked solely for the people. At the eve of the liberation, the CPC promulgated the Outline Land Law of China, and shortly after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Marriage Law was promulgated by the country, aiming to give the farmers, then accounting for more than 90% of the population, the land they need to subsist; and to entitle Chinese women, accounting for half of the population, equal rights with men. The first 30 years of the People’s Republic witnessed the land reform, water conservancy projects unprecedented in scale and duration, a nationwide literacy campaign, and the Patriotic Health Campaign, which ensured basic access to food, clothing, medical services and education for most people in the country. As such, China doubled its average life expectancy and trained the world’s largest healthy and hard-working labor force.

Over the past 40 years since reform and opening up began, China has created miracles on such fronts as economy, politics, society, culture and ecological environment. But nothing is more remarkable than the fact that more than 700 million people have been lifted out of poverty and that 1.3 billion Chinese people lead a moderately prosperous life. This is the largest and fastest poverty alleviation movement in human history, which not only has changed China completely, but also represents a great contribution to poverty reduction and development in the world, and to peace and happiness of humanity.

It would be worth pointing out that China has created the miracle of poverty alleviation under the circumstances of continuously raising its standards for poor households and poor population, of continuously increasing its development assistance to other countries and regions, and, even more important, of being refrained from invasion, colonization, or large-scale immigration to other countries.

Looking back, since China adopted the reform and opening up policy, it has also been my privilege to be involved over the years in the research of poverty alleviation and development for less developed areas —old revolutionary bases, regions inhabited by ethnic minorities, border areas and under-developed regions — the topics ranging from increasing farmers’ income to promoting education in rural areas and to improving health and hygiene conditions. From Jinggangshan Mountain and Yan’an to Sangzhi, Hong’an, Jinzhai and other old revolutionary base areas, and in ethnic minority areas of Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Yunnan, the fellow country folks and officials there have left me with indelible memories, their styles, mannerisms, smiling voice and facial expression coming to my mind time and again.

Now, led by the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, China’s battle against poverty will be won and the country will complete its construction of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. It is the solemn commitment of the CPC and the Chinese government to the Chinese people that no one will be missed out, and no one will be left behind on the road to common prosperity. Now, this commitment will come true, and the “one” here stands for a county, a township, a village, a household and an individual, and none of them will be left out in the cold! China will bid farewell to absolute poverty once and for all! It will give proof to the CPC’s truthfulness to its original aspiration. It will conclude a splendid chapter in more than 5000 years of Chinese history.

For a country, without common prosperity, there will hardly be happiness and tranquility for all its people. For the international community, without common development, there will hardly be lasting peace in the world. As a major and responsible country, China has always made and will continue to make its due contributions to poverty reduction for mankind, being ready and willing to share its ideas and experiences in poverty alleviation and development with the international community. It is precisely what it signifies for the Contemporary World Press to publish the book Leaving No One Behind: China’s Stories of Poverty Alleviation.

Leaving No One Behind: China's Stories of Poverty Alleviation