Chinese Wisdom and Solutions - Understanding China: China in Mao Zedong's Era

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Table of Contents
Preface: Mao Zedong and His Era
Four gunshots and the fate of China
From 'Old China' to 'New China'
Why did he become the soul of the era?
Before the mission of the times
Roads, dreams, and legends

Chapter One Historical Questions and Answers
'Grand unity is great strength'
'Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun'
'It takes a great party to guide a great revolution'
The will of the people trumps everything

Chapter Two What Was 'New' About New China?
New image of national independence
New look of people's liberation
New situation of national unity

Chapter Three Entering Socialism
It is only a matter of time before we build socialism
Why set the clock forward?
A road of peaceful transformation

Chapter Four Breakthroughs in the Cold War Context
Siding with the Soviet Union
Strike first to spare being stricken a hundred times
Tearing apart the trade blockade
Two international conferences, one Chinese approach

Chapter Five Top-Level Design
Why 1956?
Clarifying the 'Ten Major Relationships'
A grand meeting and a new route
Judgments and choices during an 'eventful year'

Chapter Six Periods of Planning
How was the economic plan compiled?
Food, clothing and daily necessities for the people
'Do not rush the construction of socialism'
From development strategy to economic layout

Chapter Seven Policy Toward Intellectuals
Originally 'intellectuals'
Solidarity, education and transformation
Let a hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend
Winning the battle of science and technology

Chapter Eight Transforming Social Traditions
Removing 'malignant tumors' and old customs
The new social customs
A dualistic structure of rural and urban areas
The spirit of the times

Chapter Nine National Governance
Break the 'cycle of history'
How were the 'nation's leaders' tempered?
'A game of chess, and a bamboo pole'
On the Cultural Revolution

Chapter Ten New Role in the International Arena
Deterioration of Sine-Soviet relations
Friends in the 'intermediate zones'
A handshake across the Pacific
Back to the UN
Sample Pages Preview
In the modern history of China, four gunshots changed the fate of the country.
The first shot was fired by the British. In 1840, China was like a fragile ancient vase that looked grand and exquisite, but could not stand the slightest blow from the outside world. That year, Btitain launched its first Opium War against China with its gunboats and cannons. China then fell into the humiliation of being bullied by Western powers and was forced to sign a series of extremely unequal treaties.
This shot rang out and awakened the sleepy China from the dream of the empire of the East. 'Foreign penetration and encroachment...soon reached a level which aroused not only xenophobic reactions among the peasantry, but the sentiment, in nearly all categories of the Chinese political and intellectual elite, that the situation must be redfessed.'
Chinese Wisdom and Solutions - Understanding China: China in Mao Zedong's Era