The Great Wall, Ancient China and Homeland

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About Author
Liu Xiaotao
Dedicate to the protection of cultural relics and the inheritance of history. He has conducted in-depth research on the history and culture of the Great Wall, put several suggestions on the protection of cultural relics, historic sites and trandi- tional culture forward to government, and organized poverty-alleviation activities in villages near the Great Wall for several times.
Wei Min
Love to travel, photography, record cultural relics. So far, he has visited nearly 200 passages and gateways on the Great Wall. His graphic works have been pub- lished in many human geography, pho- tography magazines and websites.
Table of Contents
Preface 01
Chapter I The Evolution of the Great Wall from the Stone Age to the Song and Yuan Dynasties
PART 01 From Primitive City Walls to the Great Wall of the Warring States Period 002
PART 02 The Great Wall of the Qin and Han Dynasties 011
PART 03 The Great Wall of Wei, Jin (220-420) and Song Dynasties 021
Chapter II Integrated Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty
PART 01 Great Wall Construction in the Ming Dynasty 034
PART 02 System of Integrated Defense by Nine Towns of Strategic Importance along the Great Wall 044
PART 03 Operational Principles of the Defensive Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty 069
PART 04 Architectural Structure of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty 083
PART 05 Livehood of Garrison in the Ming Dynasty 092
Chapter III Where is the Great Wall Today?
PART 01 Impregnable Defense for Beijing Built by National Support 102
PART 02 Nanshan Road Frontier Wall: Jerry-built Great Wall Guarding the Ming Imperial Tombs 122
PART 03 Qi Jiguang Supervises Construction of Yanshan Great Wall 132
PART 04 Low-profile Great Wall in Taihang Mountain 146
PART 05 Great Wall in Zhangjiakou: Guarding the West of Beijing 164
PART 06 War and Peace—Destiny of the Great Wall in Northern Shanxi Province 176
PART 07 Hexi Corridor—Westernmost Part of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty 191
PART 08 Dilemma at Hetao: Offence or defense? 210
PART 09 Mysterious Liaodong Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty in Eastern Liaoning Province 221
Chapter IV The Great Wall in Modern Times
PART 01 From Strategic Fortification to Trade Channel 232
PART 02 Great Wall Section at Bataizi Reflecting Fusion of Modern
Chinese and Western Civilizations 238
PART 03 The Battles of Great Wall in the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression 244
PART 04 A Long Way to Go to Protect the Great Wall 255
Appendix The Great Wall of China Unique in Many Aspects 264
Sample Pages Preview
Sample pages of The Great Wall, Ancient China and Homeland (ISBN:9787508545486) Sample pages of The Great Wall, Ancient China and Homeland (ISBN:9787508545486) Sample pages of The Great Wall, Ancient China and Homeland (ISBN:9787508545486) Sample pages of The Great Wall, Ancient China and Homeland (ISBN:9787508545486) Sample pages of The Great Wall, Ancient China and Homeland (ISBN:9787508545486) Preface
As a great symbol re??ecting the national spirit of China and its people, the Great Wall is the ??rst millitary project in ancient China, one of the seven mir- acles miraclesof the ancient world, is also a world cultural heritage. It has gone through a period of construction and renovation stretching over 2,000 years, representing a space-time dimension unmatched by other world cultural herit- age sites.
As early as the Spring and Autumn and the Warring States Period (770- 221 BCE) the states of the former began to build the early structures of the Great Wall to guard against attack. In the late Warring States Period, in order to resist an invasion by northern nomads, the Qin, Zhao, Yan and other states added new sections of what are known as the Yanshan and Yinshan lines of the northern border to prevent the rampaging cavalry from the steppes penetrating southwards. After the ??rst emperor of Qin (259-210 BCE) uni??ed China in 221 BCE, he took steps to connect up these various sections for the ??rst time, forming a system of national defense forti??cation. What emerged was a wall ex- tending from the Yalujiang River, to the east of Gansu Province, in a great arc across the northern part of the country—what we call the Great Wall today.
After the fall of the Qin Dynasty, the nomadic tribes such as the Huns, Xianbei and Rouran in the North dominated the grasslands and then sought to invade the Chinese hinterland once again. In order to prevent these attacks, the Great Wall was extended and strengthened by successive dynasties.
When the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) replaced the Yuan Dynasty (1271- 1368) to rule over China, the Ming Great Wall extending some 8,000 km from Hushan in Liaodong of northern China, to Jiayu Pass in Gansu Province, was built partly to prevent a revival of the any Yuan remnants. In the ensuing Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), some renovation work of the Ming Great Wall was un- dertaken, so those parts we see today are the remains of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty.
With the history of the evolution of the Great Wall as the starting point, this book mainly covers the period of the Ming Dynasty, describing the mil- itary system known as the “nine important border towns”, the architectural structures, and the surrounding great historical events. It describes the evolu- tion of the Great Wall, and the customs and habits of people in the surround- ing areas.
The Great Wall bears the precious historical memory and national spirit of the Chinese nation. With the passage of time, many sections along its 5,000-km length have been destroyed, although the names remain. Sections of the Great Wall extant today, known almost to all, include Badaling, Shanhai Pass and Ji- ayu Pass.
The Great Wall is indeed magni??cent. I hope this book can bring readers different experiences of an Earth-based structure visible. The areas bisected by it include deserts and grasslands, rivers and the remains of enemy towers. May the words recorded here make it possible for readers to gain a better under- standing of this world historical heritage site.
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The Great Wall, Ancient China and Homeland