National Think Tank 2020 (21) - Research Reports on the Elinmiation of Povertu in China-Kashgar Prefecture,Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

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The Kashgar region has been the transportation hub on the Silk Road since ancient times.With its splendid history and cultures created by the multi-ethnic groups,it is one of the important bridge-heads of the Silk Road Economic Belt jointly constructed by China,Central Asian and South Asian countries. However,the region is one of the severely impoverished areas in the southern part of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Problems such as poverty,backwardness and lack of information are becoming the major obstacles which constrain the economic,social sustainable development of counties and cities in the Kashgar region,thus eliminating the motives of tuming its traditional strength in geography,humanity,history and culture into development opporiunities. Since the beginning of targeted poverty alleviation project,the Kashgar region has made excellent development in poverty alleviation,which features its own characteristics,prominence in achievement and excellence in results after it has firmly taken an approach of development driving poverty alleviation and poverty elimination and accurately targeted the meeting point among the national policies,policy dividends,features and demands of its own development route.
Achievement in poverty alleviation in the Kashgar region not only generates powerful endogenous momentum for economic and social upgrade in counties and cities in the new era,but also further deepens the community sense of the Chinese nation developed in the process of the Prefecture's role of leading every ethnic group to achieve common prosperity and to strive for a relatively comfortable life,which has contributed to the unity of ethnic groups and the stability in border areas. This paper looks at the overall development of poverty alleviation in the Kashgar Region during the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan(2016~2020),chooses Tashkurghan County(the only county located in the Pamir Plateau) and Yecheng County(a representative case of the four counties which are yet taken out of poverty in the oasis of Kashgar )as case studies,and makes a reasonable review of and introduces the developmental approaches,measures and achievement of the poverty alleviation,providing empirical case study evidence and observation angles for the systematic understanding of the opportunities and challenges in the Kashgar region when achieving the full victory in building a well-off society.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 From Poverty and Inaccessibility to Vitality and Vigor-the Transformation of the Kashgar Region Boosted by Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development
1.1 Overview of poverty alleviation work in Kashgar region
1.2 The main focus of development in Kashgar region
1.2.1 Comprehensively strengthening opening up to the outside world and promoting the development of modern industrial agglomeration
1.2.2 Expanding and strengthening traditional industries and laying a solid foundation for poverty alleviation and development
1.3 Achievements of social and economic development in Kashgar region promoted by poverty alleviation and rural development

Chapter 2 Making the Pearl of the Pamir Plateau More Brilliant-Measures and Achievements of Poverty Alleviation and
Rural Development in Tashkurgan
2.1 Making traditional industry bigger and stronger-yak husbandry changing from extensive development to intensive development
2.1.1 Challenges of long-term constraints of the develo-pment of traditional yak husbandry
2.1.2 Revitalizing yak husbandry to promote poverty allevia-tion and rural development
2.2 Constantly exploring new industries-building green develop-ment on the Pamir Plateau
2.2.1 Building all-round ecological tourism-developing green plateau tourism
2.2.2 Cultivating port economy-boosting international trade logistics
2.2.3 Exploiting clean energy-continuously expanding the photovoltaic power generation industry

Chapter 3 The Full Victory in Building a Well-off Society in the Oasis-the Final Push of Poverty Alleviation and Development in Yecheng County
3.1 Overview of poverty alleviation and development in Yecheng County
3.1.1 The status of industrial development in Yecheng County
3.1.2 Challenges of the industrial development of Yecheng County
3.1.3 Main measures of Yecheng County to break the develo-pment bottleneck
3.2 Outstanding achievements in poverty alleviation and development in Yecheng County
3.2.1 Building a whole walnut industry chain-small nuts make great contribution in poverty alleviation and development
3.2.2 Implementing relocation-planning for poverty alleviation

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  We are witnessing major changes unfolding in the world,changes unprecedented in a century. With the in-depth development of world multipolarization,economic globalization,social informatization and cultural diversity, peace,development,cooperation and mutual benefit have become the common aspirations of human society; and it is the common wish of people from all countries to build a community with a shared future for mankind. At the same time, ,humankind is faced with many common challenges,typified by fierce power politics among major countries,continuous regional conflicts,terrorism,development imbalance,climate change,rising unilateralism and protectionism.China,as the largest developing country in the world,is a builder,contributor and upholder of the cause of peace and development of mankind.The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China held in October 2017 has led China to a new great journey of development Guided by Chinese President Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era,the Chinese people are making continued efforts to achieve the Two Centenary Goals of China and the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation,and to make new and greater contributions to mankind.Africa,the continent with the largest number of developing countries,is one of the important forces in safeguarding world peace and promoting global development.ln recent years,Africa has made the admirable advances on the road of pursuing sustainable self-development and strength through unity,changing from a 'hopeless continent' for the West to a continent with a future 'full of hope',and a 'running lion. 'African countries are actively exploring development paths that suit their own national conditions,and the African people are forging ahead to realize The Agenda 2063 and the African dream of peace and prosperity.
  China and Africa boast a deep-running friendship and have long formed a community with a shared future. China attaches great importance to the development of China-Africa relations.In March 2013,Xi Jinping visited Africa,also his first trip abroad as national leader. He also chose Africa for his first overseas visit in July 2018 after he was elected to a second term. Over the past six years,Xi has visited the African continent four times and arrived in eight African countries,including Tanzania,South Africa and Senegal,showing the world that China cherishes the traditional friendship with Africa and values highly the continent and China-Africa relations. In 2018,the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation was successfully held. At this summit,Xi revealed the essential characteristics of China-Africa unity and cooperation,pointed out the direction of bilateral ties,and outlined the specific paths for the common development of China and Africa. He has greatly improved and innovated the theoretical framework and ideological system of China's policy toward Africa,which has then become an important theoretical innovation of Xi Jinping thought on diplomacy of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era and provided a strong political principle and guide for the development of China-Africa relations in the future. This summit marks another milestone in the history of China-Africa relations.
  With the vigorous development of China-Africa cooperation,the international community has paid more attention to the bilateral ties. Out of concern over China's growing influence in Africa,Western countries have made up some ridiculous theories to willfully smear and defame China-Africa relations,such as'neo_colonialism''resource contention ''debt trap',which have disturbed the development of China-Africa relations to a certain extent.
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National Think Tank 2020 (21) - Research Reports on the Elinmiation of Povertu in China-Kashgar Prefecture,Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region