The Traditional Culture in Classical Ancient Poetry

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Overview on Traditional Chinese Culture
1.1 Language
1.2 Literature
Chapter 2 Overview on Classical Chinese Poetry
2.1 Development
2.2 Features
Chapter 3 Traditional Chinese Festivals
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Main Traditional Chinese Festivals
3.3 Poetry for Traditional Chinese Festivals
Chapter 4 Cultural Symbolism of Plants
4.1 Plant Symbolism
4.2 Floral Emblem
4.3 Plant Symbolism in Chinese Culture
4.4 Plants in Chinese Painting
4.5 Poetry for Si Junzi
4.6 Poems on Willow
4.7 Poetry on Peach Blossoms
4.8 Poetry on Peony
4.9 Poetry on Chinese Phoenix Tree and Banana Leaves
4.10 Poetry on Other Flowers and Plants
Chapter 5 Culture of Chinese Jiu
5.1 History
5.2 Customs of Drinking Chinese Jiu
5.3 Drinking Vessels
5.4 Types of Chinese Jiu
5.5 Famous Chinese Jiu
5.6 Chinese Jiu Culture
5.7 Poetry for Drinking Jiu
Chapter 6 Culture of Chinese Tea
6.1 History
6.2 Classification
6.3 Special Circumstances for Drinking Tea
6.4 Tea Ceremonies
6.5 Chinese Tea Lore
6.6 Poetry on Tea Drinking

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2.1 Development
Shijing (the Classic o f Poetry)
The literary tradition of classical Chinese poetry begins with the Shijing, dated to early 1st millennium BC.According to tradition, Confucius was the final editor of the collection in its present form, although the individual poems would accordingly all be more—or—less older than this.This, among other factors, indicates rather a sustained cross—class popularity for this type or these types of poetry, including for instance their characteristic fourcharacter per line meter.The Classic of Poetry tends to be associated with northern Chinese vocabulary and culture, and in particular with the great sage and philosopher Confucius: this helped to eventuate the development of this type of poetry into the classic shi (poetry) (诗) style, the literal meaning of the Classic of Poetry.The remarkable thing is that, despite the commendation by Confucius, no extant samples of any poetry of this style are known for the next three hundred years.
Chuci (the Verse of Chu)
Another early poetry collection/genre is the Chuci (dating to the Warring States period about 475—221BC) , which is typified by various line lengths and the imagery and influence of the vernacular associated with the state of Chu, in southern China.One important part of this is Lisao (Tales of Woe)《离骚》), attributed to Qu Yuan (屈原), a distinguished statesman and the first great poet in the history of China.These poems from the State of Chu(楚国) are among the most important of all classical Chinese poetry,however, these poems and their style seem to have had less impact on classical Chinese poetry, at least at first, than did the Classic of Poetry.
Collections of Yue fu Poetry(《乐府诗集》)
The classic shi poetry, with its four—character lines, was revived by poets of the Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms, to some extent.However, among other poetic developments during the Han epoch was the development of a new form of shi poetry, dating from about the 1st century BC, initially consisting of five—character lines, and later seven—character lines.The development of this form of shi poetry would occur in conjunction with various other phenomena related to Han poetry.

The Traditional Culture in Classical Ancient Poetry