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China in the World Anti-Fascist War

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Author: Peng Xunhou;
Language: English
Format: 22.8 x 15.6 x 2 cm
Page: 266
Publication Date: 08/2015
ISBN: 9787508532288
Details
This book emphasizes that China was the main battlefield of fighting against fascism in its anti-Japanese war all the time, and stresses its historical position as one of the world's four major countries in anti-fascism war at the sacrifice of numerous Chinese soldiers' and peoples' lives.
Table of Contents

Preface
ChapterⅠBy Opening the First Large Battle field Against Fascism,China Raised the Curtain on the International Anti—Fascist War.
Section 1 The Japanese imperialists' aggressive ambition against China was long premeditated
Section 2 Japan was the first source of the Second World War
Section 3 The September 18th Incident was a prelude to the world anti—fascist war
Section 4 China's nationwide anti—Japanese resistance, beginning with the July 7 Incident, opened up the Far Eastern theater as part of the world wideanti—fascist war.
Chapter Ⅱ China's Sustained War against Japan Disrupted Germany, Japan and Italy's Strategic Plan While Providing Support and Cooperation to the European and Asian/Pacific War Against Fascism.China Became the East's Major Battleground in the Fight Against Japanese Fascism.
Section 1 China's anti—Japanese war disrupted the global strategy of Germany, Japan and Italy.The war provided favorable conditions for the Allied forces to inflict successive defeats on the enemy.
Section 2 China's anti—Japanese war forced Japan to relinquish its north advance." the scheme to invade the Soviet Union: the war created favorable conditions for the Soviet Union to avoid fighting on two fronts.
Section 3 China's sustained anti—Japanese war slowed the pace of Japan's march south, thus exerting a significant influence on the progress of the Pacific War
Section 4 China's sustained anti—Japanese war and the sacrifices of the Chinese nation were a precondition for the Allies' policy of "Europe first, Asia Second," thus laying a solid foundation for total victory in the worldwide war against Fascism.
Section 5 China was, from the beginning to the end, the major battlefield in the East in resisting Japanese Fascism
Chapter Ⅲ China's Anti—Japanese Battlefront was a Significant Strategic Support, a Rear Base and Military Intelligence Base for the Allied Forces in the Asia—Pacific Region, Directly Assisting and Cooperating with the Allied Forces in the Anti—Fascist Struggle
Section 1 China directly supported the Soviet Union's anti—fas cis! str uggle
Section 2 The Chinese battlefront was an important strategic support for the Allied forces in the Asia—Pacific region, and China sent troops to Burma to fight the Japanese aggressors jointly with the Allied forces
Section 3 China's battlefront was an important rear base and military intelligence base for the Allied forces in their fight against Japanese aggression in the Asia—Pacific region
Chapter Ⅳ The Whole Range of Unique Military Theory and Experience of Defeating a Stronger Enemy Gained from China's Anti—Japanese War Greatly Enriched the Theory of the World Aati—Fascist War
Section 1 Beating the Japanese strategy of "war of quick decision" with a protracted war
Section 2 Meeting Japan's regular warfare with a guerrilla war
Chapter Ⅴ China Made Great Contributions to the Establishment of the World's Anti—Fascist United Front, and Established Itselfas a Major Country
Section 1 China made important contributions to smashing the "Far Eastern Munich Conspiracy"
Section 2 China actively proposed and promoted the setting up of the international united front against fascism
Section 3 The unequal treaties imposed upon China by
imperialist powers in the 19th century were basically rescinded
Section 4 China established itself as a major country
Chapter Ⅵ Japan's Surrender and Cbina's Acceptance
Section 1 Japan's surrender
Section 2 Japan's surrender to China
Chapter Ⅶ Lessons and Apocalypses from China's Resistance
Against Japan and WWII
Section 1 Judge the nature of a war correctly, distinguish Drimary contradiction from secondary ones, form a most extensive united front against aggression —these are the key to the victory.
Section 2 Correct guidance and flexible strategies are necessary for the success.
Section 3 "People's war" makes iron—clad insurance for success.
Section 4 Strong comprehensive national strength is important.
Section 5 By characteristics of future wars, strengtheningthe study of military science and building up armedforces and conducting a timely military reform are vita! for success against invasion.
Section 6 Opposition of hegemony, power politics and appeasement prevents regional conflictprogressing to all—out warfare.

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On July 19, 1938, Japan's "five—ministers joint conference" reached the conclusion that "speeding up the formation of an alliance with Germany and Italy will assist in a quick solution to the 'China issue,' and assist the progress of the Japanese government:" On the other hand, when the Japanese armies became bogged down in the "China mire," some within the Japanese ruling bloc believed tbat, if the military treaty were signed as Germany requested, Japan would surely face more acute conflicts with Western democratic countries and would have more enemies, not to mention that its battle lines would be over—extended.During the early stages of the negotiations, the Japanese ambassador to Germany, Togo, expressed his concerns about the three—state military treaty.It would not help the Sino—Japanese War, and instead, Japan might be dragged into a European conflict.In March 1939, the Japanese foreign minister, Arita, expressed lus hesitation in entering into a close military alliance with Germany.He emphasized, "Owing to the fact that the Empire is tied up with the China issue, our domestic economic situation makes me highly cautious in our economic relations with Britain and the US." 
In March 1939, Nazi Germany took the remaining part of Czechoslovakia.A European war was about to break at any time.In May, in order to gain a strategically advantageous position at the outset of the war, and also to break the ice on German—Japanese talks, Germany proposed two sets of terms as a compromise for Japan to choose from: the first took the Japanese tenns as the basis, with additional German requests; the second was based on the German terms, with additional Japanese requests.However, heated debates continued within the Japanese ruling bloc about the pros and cons of the treaty regarding the solution of the "China issue." The army believed it would contain assistance from Britain and the US to China, which would weaken anti—Japanese and pro Communist forces inside China Yet the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the navy thought otherwise.To them, such a treaty would merely increase the assistance from the US and Britain, and possibly get the Soviet Union involved, thus delaying the solution of the "China issue." In the end, the second idea had the upper hand.Up until the outbreak of war in Europe, the closer military alliance between Nazi Germany and Fascist Japan was never realized.
China in the World Anti-Fascist War
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