Theory and Application of Information Optics

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The Chinese version of this book is revised on the basis of the Eleventh Five Year National Planning textbook Theory and Application of Information Optics (3rd edition), which systematically introduces the basic theory and related applications of information optics. The book consists of ten chapters, including two dimensional Fourier analysis, scalar diffraction theory, frequency characteristics of optical imaging system, partial coherence theory, optical holography, spatial filtering, coherent optical processing, incoherent optical processing, application of information optics in metrology and optical communication, etc.
This book is rich in content and novel in material selection. It not only systematically introduces the basic theory, but also takes into account the current development of theory and technology, and emphasizes the combination of theory and application. The second edition of the Chinese version has been appraised as “2009 excellent textbook of general higher education” by the Ministry of Education. The third edition made a lot of revisions to second edition, overall characteristics of the original book, and has separated the problem solving part from the original book, and supplemented the thinking problems solving part, and has become an independent book. In preparation for the fourth edition of the Chinese version and its English version, the author also made a comprehensive revision of the third edition of the original book. In order to meet the needs of bilingual teaching in key universities, the author tries to make the contents of the Chinese version and the English version consistent, so as to facilitate students'reference.
The readers of this book are senior undergraduates and postgraduates majoring in optics, optical engineering, optoelectronics, optical information science and technology, applied physics, precision instruments, etc. It can also be used as a reference book for engineers and technicians of related majors.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1Two dimensional Fourier Analysis1
1.1Frequently used Several Nonelementary Functions in Optics2
1.2δ Function8
1.5Basic Concept of Fourier Transform28
1.6Basic Theorems of TwoDimensional Fourier Transform35
1.7Fourier Bessel Transform39
1.8Frequently Used Fourier Transform Pairs42
1.9Linear Systems and Linear Spatial Invariant Systems45
1.10Two Dimensional Sampling Theorem53
Emphasis of This Chapter58
Thinking Questions59
References in This Chapter62
Chapter 2Scalar Diffraction Theory63
2.2Kirchhoff Diffraction Theory65
2.3Frequency Domain Expression of Diffraction Law72
2.4Fresnel Diffraction and Fraunhofer Diffraction77
2.5Calculation Example of Fraunhofer Diffraction81
2.6Calculation Examples of Fresnel Diffraction97
Emphasis of This Chapter102
Thinking Questions103
References in This Chapter106
Chapter 3Frequency Characteristics of Optical Imaging Systems107
3.1Fourier Transform Properties of Lens108
3.2General Analysis of Optical Imaging System118
3.3Transfer Function of DiffractionLimited Coherent Imaging System125
3.4Transfer Function of DiffractionLimited Incoherent Imaging System131
3.5Comparison of Coherent and Incoherent Imaging Systems142
Emphasis of This Chapter146
Thinking Questions146
References in This Chapter149
Chapter 4Partial Coherence Theory150
4.1General Concept of Coherence of Light Field151
4.2CrossCoherence Function160
4.3Interference of QuasiMonochromatic Light166
Emphasis of This Chapter175
Thinking Questions175
References in This Chapter177
Chapter 5Optical Holography178
5.1Basic Principles of Holography178
5.2Fresnel Hologram185
5.3Holographic Recording Media192
5.4Holographic Apparatus and Experimental Notes203
5.5Fourier Transform Hologram207
5.6Image HologramRainbow Hologram213
5.7Volume Hologram218
5.8Embossed Hologram223
5.9Application of Holography227
Emphasis of This Chapter239
Thinking Questions239
References in This Chapter242
Chapter 6Spatial Filtering244
6.1Basic Principles of Spatial Filtering245
6.2Structure Types and Application Examples of Spatial Filter256
Emphasis of This Chapter264
Thinking Questions264
References in This Chapter267
Chapter 7Coherent Optical Processing269
7.1Image Subtraction269
7.2Matched Filtering and Optical Image Recognition273
7.3Using Mellin Transform as Optical Correlation276
7.4Optical Correlation Using Circular Harmonic Transformation279
7.5Halftone Screen Technology281
7.5.1Production of Halftone Pictures281
7.5.2Nonlinear Processing of Image by Halftone Screen282
7.5.3Examples of Image Processing284
7.6Other Coherent Optical Processing285
7.6.1Eliminating Ambiguity with Inverse Filter285
7.6.2Optical Differentiation287
7.7Spatial Light Modulator290
7.7.1Significance and Type of Spatial Light Modulator290
7.7.2Liquid Crystal Light Valve292
Emphasis of This Chapter297
Thinking Questions297
References in This Chapter299
Chapter 8Incoherent Optical Processing301
8.1Comparison of Coherent and Incoherent Optical Processing301
8.2Incoherent Pocessing System Based on Geometrical Optics302
8.2.1Integral Operation of Image Product302
8.2.2Correlation and Convolution of Images303
8.2.3Bipolar Signal Processing Technology306
8.2.4Incoherent Superposition Integral Using Defocusing System306
8.3DiffractionBased Incoherent Processing-Incoherent Frequency Domain Synthesis307
8.3.2Wolter Minimum Intensity Detection Filter310
8.4White Light Information Processing311
8.4.1White Light Information Processing Principle311
8.4.2Real Time Pseudocolor Encoding Technology313
8.4.3θ Modulation Technology316
8.5Phase Modulation Pseudocolor Encoding318
8.5.1Grating Modulation318
8.5.2Bleaching Treatment319
8.5.3Filtering Demodulation319
Emphasis of This Chapter321
Thinking Questions321
References in This Chapter323
Chapter 9Application of Information Optics in Metrology324
9.1The Principle and Basic Method of Holographic Interferometry324
9.2Data Processing Method of Holographic Interferogram334
9.3Speckle Effect and Its Basic Statistical Characteristics344
9.4Recording and Processing of Double Exposure Specklegrams353
9.5Speckle Interferometry363
9.6Basic Concepts of InPlane Moire Method367
Emphasis of This Chapter377
Thinking Questions377
References in This Chapter377
Chapter 10Application of Information Optics in Optical Communication380
10.1Fiber Bragg Grating380
10.2Shaping of Ultrashort Pulse391
10.3Array Waveguide Grating394
Emphasis of This Chapter397
Thinking Questions397
References in This Chapter398
AppendixBessel Function Relation Table399
Theory and Application of Information Optics