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The Wisdom of Confucius

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Author: Lin Yutang;
Language: Chinese, English
Format: Papercover
Publication Date: 06/2009
ISBN: 9787560086330
Table of Contents
FOREWORD
Chapter One INTRODUCTION
Ⅰ. THE CHARACTER OF CONFUCIAN IDEAS
Ⅱ. A BRIEF ESTIMATE OF THE CHARACTER OF CONFUCIUS
Ⅲ. SOURCES AND PLAN OF THE PRESENT BOOK
Ⅳ. ON THE METHOD OF TRANSLATION

Chapter Two THE LIFE OF CONFUCIUS
Ⅰ. ANCESTRY, CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH
Ⅱ. BETWEEN THIRTY AND FIFTY
Ⅲ. THE PERIOD OF GREAT POWER
Ⅳ. FⅣE YEARS OF WANDERINGS
Ⅴ. IN EXTREMITIES IN CH'EN AND TS'AI
Ⅵ. FURTHER YEARS OF WANDERINGS
Ⅶ. SCHOLARLY LABORS AND PERSONAL HABITS OF
Ⅶ. HIS DEATH (479 B.C.) AND POSTERITY

Chapter Three CENTRAL HARMONY
Ⅰ. THE CENTRAL HARMONY
Ⅱ. THE GOLDEN MEAN
Ⅲ. MORAL LAW EVERYWHERE
Ⅳ. THE HUMANISTIC STANDARD
Ⅴ. CERTAIN MODELS
Ⅵ. ETHICS AND POLITICS
Ⅶ. BEING ONE'STRUE SELF
Ⅶ. THOSE WHO ARE ABSOLUTE TRUE SELVES
Ⅸ. EULOGY ON CONFUCIUS
Ⅹ. EPILOGUE

Chapter Four ETHICS AND POLITICS
Ⅰ. GENERAL IDEA OF THIS ESSAY
Ⅱ. ON THE MEANING OF CERTAIN EXPRESSIONSUSED IN THE ABOVE

SECTION
Ⅲ. ON ACHIEVING TRUE KNOWLEDGE
Ⅳ. ON MAKING THE WILL SINCERE
Ⅴ. ON SETTING THE HEART RIGHT AND PERSONAL CULTIVATION
Ⅵ. ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONAL AND FAMILY LIFE
Ⅶ. ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY AND NATIONAL LIFE
Ⅶ. ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NATIONAL LIFE AND WORLD PEACE

Chapter FIVe APHORISMS OF CONFUCIUS
Ⅰ. DESCRIPTION OF CONFUCIUS BY HIMSELF AND OTHERS
Ⅱ. THE EMOTIONAL AND ARTISTIC LIFE OF CONFUCIUS
Ⅲ. THE CONVERSATIONAL STYLE
Ⅳ. THE JOHNSONIAN TOUCH
Ⅴ. WITAND WISDOM
Ⅵ. HUMANISM AND TRUE MANHOOD
Ⅶ. THE SUPERIOR MAN AND THE INFERIOR MAN
Ⅷ.THE MEAN AS THE IDEAL CHARACTER AND TYPES OF PERSONS THAT CONFUCIUS HATED
Ⅸ.GOVERNMENT
Ⅹ.0N EDUCATl0N.RITUAL AND POETRY

Chapter Six FIRST DISCOURSF~0N EDUCATIONTHROUGH THESIX CLASSICS (Chingchieh,Liki,Chapter XXVI)
Chapter Seven SECOND DISCOURSE:ANTNndRVIEW WTH DUKEAI (Aikung WeN,Liki Chapter XXVII)

Chapter Eight THIRD DISCOURSE:THE VISION OF A SOCIAI.ORDER (Liyun,Liki,Chapter IX)
Ⅰ.THE Two oRDERS 0F HUMAN SOCIETY
Ⅱ.THE Ev0LUTIoN oF LI OR SOCIAL ORDER
Ⅲ.LI BASED ON HUMAN NATURE
Ⅳ.LI BASED 0N HEAVEN.OR NATURE
Ⅴ.THE METHOD OF CULTIVATING LI Chapter Nine ON EDUCATION(Hsuehehi,Liki,Chapter XVIII)
Ⅰ.THENEEDFOREDUCATION
Ⅱ.THE ANCIENT EDUCATl0NAL SYSTEM
Ⅲ.EXTRA-CURRICULAR STUDIES IVTHE IDEAL TEACHER
Ⅳ.THE PROCESS OF LEARNING

Chapter TenON MUSIC (Yochi, Liki, Chapter XIX)
Ⅰ. THE ORIGIN AND FUNCTION OF MUSIC
Ⅱ. A COMPARISON OF RITUALS AND MUSIC, BOTH BASED ON HARMONY WITH THE COSMIC ORDER
Ⅲ. MUSIC REVEALS MAN'S CHARACTER
Ⅳ. ON CLASSICAL AND MODERN MUSIC
Ⅴ. CONFUCIUS ON THE DIFFERENT MOVEMENTS OF THE INTERPRETATIVE DANCE MUSIC OF EMPEROR WU

Chapter Eleven MENCIUS (The Book of Mencius, Book VI, PartI)
Ⅰ. THE GOODNESS OF HUMAN NATURE
Ⅱ. HOW OUR ORIGINAL NATURE IS DESTROYED
Ⅲ. THE HIGHER LIFE AND THE GREATER SELF
IMPORTANT CHARACTERS MENTIONED
THE PRONUNCIATION OF CHINESE NAMES
WADE-GILES TO PINYIN CONVERSION TABLE
ENGLISH WORKS BY LIN YUTANG
Sample Pages Preview
Confucius then had many disciples who were already in the governmentof Wei, and the ruler of Wei wanted to secure the services of Confucius. Tseluasked, "If the ruler of Wei should put you in power, how would you begin?" "Iwould begin with establishing a correct usage of terminology" (of ranks andtitles), Confucius answered. "Do you really mean it?" asked Tselu. "How oddand impractical you are! What do you want to establish a correct terminologyfor? Ah Yu, you are simple-minded indeed!" Confucius replied. "If theterminology is not correct, then the whole style of one's speech falls out ofform; if one's speech is not in form, then orders cannot be carried out; if ordersare not carried out, then the proper forms of worship and social intercourse (inritual and music) cannot be restored; if the proper forms of worship and socialintercourse are not restored, then legal justice in the country will fail; whenlegal justice fails, then the people are at a loss to know what to do or what notto do. When a gentleman institutes something, he is sure by what terminologyit should be called, and when he gives an order, he knows that the order canbe carried out without question. A gentleman never uses his terminologyindiscriminately."The following year (484 B.C.) Jan Ch'iu, who was then assisting inthe administration of the government of Lu, led the army of Baron KangChi against Ch'i and defeated the latter at the battle of Lang. And Baron Kang asked Jan Chiu, "How did you come to know the science of warfare? Did you learn it by study or by nature?" Jan Ch'iu replied, "I learned it from Confucius." "What kind of a person is Confucius?" asked Baron K'ang. AndJan Ch'iu replied, "If you should put him in power, his reputation would spread immediately. You could apply his teachings to the people and lay them before
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