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A Picture of Tianjin City Folk Culture(Bilingual Edition)

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Author: Liu Xinrong;
Language: Chinese, English
Format: 24 x 17 x 1.6 cm
Page: 320
Publication Date: 10/2014
ISBN: 9787543334120
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Sample pages of A Picture of Tianjin City Folk Culture(Bilingual Edition) (ISBN:9787543334120) 

To the west of Tianjin city lies Liukou Town (present Yangliuqing Town, whichgained its name because poplar and willow were planted everywhere). It is famoug forits New Year Painting.The history of Yangliuqing New Year Painting can be tracedback to the reign of Emperor Wanli (1573—1620) in the Ming Dynasty, and it gainedfame in the reign of Emperor Chongzhen (1628—1644). Most of the villagers fromvillages nearby worked on Pictures Production, thus forming an old saying — "Everyfamily is good at adding details to paintings and drawing pictures." Daqing River, ZiyaRiver and South Canal all flow through Yangliuqing Town, bringing it the opportunityto become a distributing center of New Year Painting. Leading the woodcut pictures inNorth China, Yangliuqing New Year Painting, together with Suzhou Taohuawu NewYear Painting, are called "Nantaobeiliu (Yaohuawu in South China and Yangliuqing inNorth China)". 
杨柳青年画采用木版套印和人工彩绘相结合的方法制作,既具刀锋版味,又有精细的描绘,在北方木版年画中独领风骚。清乾隆年间称“卫画”(因杨柳青镇属天津卫管辖),光绪年间称“卫抹子”,后定名为“杨柳青年画”,得到考证的创始年代为明崇祯末年(1644)。清初至道光年间,保留较好的作品有60余件,内容为历史故事、戏剧故事、民间生活、仕女儿童,以及表现吉祥富贵、生活富裕、家境安康、人丁兴旺等题材。这些作品年复一年地描绘着广大群众对镇宅禳灾、纳吉求福、祈子延年的企盼和对美好生活的向往。杨柳青年画的题材和内容雅俗共赏,大致分为:历史故事、文学典故、民间传说、戏曲人物、风俗时事、格言劝诫、仕女娃娃、花鸟鱼虫、风景名胜、农家生活等。 
Yangliuqing Woodcut New Year Painting is unique in Tianjin's folk art becauseof its methods of wood cut overprint and handmade colored drawing.During the reignof Emperor Qianlong(1736—1795)of the Qing Dynasty(1644~1911),the paintingswere called“Wei Picture”,since Yangliuqing Town was under control of Tianjin Wei(a military organizational system).The name was then changed t0“Wei Mo Zi”duringthe reign ofEmperor Guangxu(1875—1908)ofthe Qing Dynasty,and finally re—namedas“Yangliuqing New Year Painting”.

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