Traffic and Transportation Engineering

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Table of Contents

Program 1 Introduction to Transportation Engineering

1.1 Transportation and People’s Life··········································································· 5

1.2 Transportation Engineering·················································································· 5

1.3 Overview of Transportation Systems Characteristics················································· 9

1.4 Roles and effects of Transportation Systems························································· 11

Program 2 Modes of Transportation

2.1 Transportation and the Facilities········································································· 17

2.2 Modes of Transportation··················································································· 18

2.3 Diversification of Transportation Facilities···························································· 23

2.4 Urban Transportation························································································ 35

Program 3 Road Engineering

3.1 Highway system······························································································· 43

3.2 Introduction to Advanced Transport Systems························································ 53

3.3 Advanced Transport Systems: Operations and Technologies···································· 59

Program 4 Rail Engineering


6.6 Dilemmas Encountered In Planning A Transportation Network································ 172

Program 7 Intermodal Transportation

7.1 Transportation Network··················································································· 177

7.2 Intermodal Transport······················································································ 180

7.3 Freight Transportation system··········································································· 191

Program 8 Development of World’s Transportation

8.1 A National Project in Japan: Innovation of Automated Driving for Universal
Services··········································································································· 197

8.2 DOE SMART Mobility: Systems and Modeling for Accelerated Research in
Transportation································································································· 205

8.3 Development of a sustainable road transport system············································· 216

参考文献···························································································· 225

Sample Pages Preview

Traffic and Transportation Engineering is intended to be a textbook for a one-semester junior- or senior-level introductory course in transportation engineering, taught as part of a transportation engineering curriculum. The book contains approximately fifty percent more material than can be covered in a single semester. This was done deliberately, to provide instructors with flexibility in the topics they cover. Some of this material is typically introduced in other courses. Material on these topics is not intended to substitute for courses in these areas, but rather to provide students with a review and to illuminate the application of these subjects to transportation engineering.

An introductory course in transportation engineering must serve the needs of at least three types of students. For most students, who will eventually practice some other transportation engineering specialty, it will serve as a familiarization course. For others, who will practice in transportation-related jobs immediately after graduation, it will provide background for entry-level practice in transportation engineering. For still others, it will provide the background needed to pursue graduate studies. In order to meet the needs of all three types of students, an introductory textbook needs to cover the basics of both theory and practice, to convey a sense of the scope of transportation engineering, and to maintain an appropriate balance between breadth and depth of coverage. This book provides an overview of several more specialized topics, including environmental mitigation design for transportation projects, railroad track design, capacity analysis and traffic control for rail and air transportation, mass transit planning and operations, and specific demand analysis techniques.

The basic approach of the book is intermodal. One of its underlying concepts is that the basic techniques and principles of transportation engineering are of wide application, particularly across modal lines. For practical reasons, the major emphasis is often on railway, but care is taken to show how basic concepts and techniques apply to different modes. The intended result is for students to grasp the underlying principles, and then they can use flexibly in a variety of contexts.


Material in the book is organized as follows: Chapters 1 serves as an introduction, with a focus on the scope and societal context of transportation engineering. Chapters 2 covers topics related to the design of transportation facilities. Chapters 3 focuses on road and railway operation. Chapters 4 covers planning and evaluation of transportation systems. Chapters 5 focuses on intermodal systems. There is not any best order for these topics, and instructors should feel free to cover them whatever order they choose. In certain cases, however, the presentation of material in the later chapters assumes that the reader is familiar with topics presented earlier.


This book began as a set of course notes that other instructors and I had developed at the Jiangsu University of Technology from 2016. Over the years, these notes were used at School of Automobile and Traffic Engineering, Jiangsu University of Technology.

I would like to acknowledge the reviewers of this book, both those who contributed to the development of the first edition and those who assisted in this revision.


Rujia WANG

Jiangsu University of Technology

At University of Western Ontario, Canada


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Traffic and Transportation Engineering