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Similar Chinese Words and Expressions Distinctions and Exercises (Intermediate)

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Author: Fang Xujun;
Language: English
Format: Paper
Page: 526
Publication Date: 11/2013
ISBN: 9787561936689
Sample Pages: PDF Download
Details
Usage Advice: Used to assist classroom teaching or for self-study

Level: Intermediate, Chinese Teachers (TCSL)

There are many words and expressions in Chinese that are similar in terms of pronunciation, form, meaning or usage. They are called similar words and expressions. The similarity between these words may cause problems for learners to correctly understand and use them.
This book is targeted at intermediate Chinese language learners, focusing on the common words at elementary and intermediate levels. It includes altogether 1,172 similar words and expressions falling into 544 pairs/groups, of which 830 are at the intermediate level. Each pair/group is dealt with in three sections—“Similarities”, “Distinctions” and “Exercises and Answers”. First the similarities between the words/expressions in each pair/group are briefly enumerated, then the distinctions between the words/expressions in terms of meaning and usage are emphatically pointed out, supported by ample collocations and examples to help with understanding, and finally a set of blank-filling exercises are provided for reinforcement and practice. Each and every exercise is provided with an answer. The appendix includes 315 intermediate-level words and expressions in 149 pairs/groups, which are similar (or same) in form or pronunciation. For international students, these are also an important part of similar Chinese words and expressions. It helps to draw students’ attention and improve their learning efficiency by comparing these words and expressions in pairs/groups and providing their pronunciations, grammatical functions and collocations.
With its explanations and examples written in simple language, this book is suitable for intermediate Chinese language learners as well as candidates about to take the intermediate or advanced new HSK test. CFL teachers can use it as a teaching reference.

About the Author
Professor Fang Xujun is a doctoral tutor in the International College of Chinese Studies, Shanghai Normal University, and a member of The International Society for Chinese Language Teaching. Prof. Fang’s works include the book Modern Chinese Notional Words, quite a few textbooks as well as many papers published in Chinese Teaching in the World, Linguistic Sciences, Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies and other journals. Mr. Fang has hosted or participated in projects such as “A Cognitive Study on Foreigners’ Acquisition of Similar Chinese Words” (financed by the National Social Science Fund), “The Development of a National Common Framework of Language Proficiency Scales” (financed by the National Social Science Fund) and “A Study on the Chinese Proficiency Scales” (a project under Shanghai Ministry of Education).
Table of Contents
说明 
Introduction 
凡例 
A Guide to the Use of the Book 
词目 
Headwords 
正文 
Main Body 
附录 
Appendices 
词形或发音相似(含相同)的词语(中级) 
Words and Expressions with Similar (or Same) Forms or Pronunciations (Intermediate) 
收录词语索引 
Index of Words and Expressions Included
Sample Pages Preview
(相似)形容词。决心、主意确定,不动摇。 
他的立场十分坚定。‖他们的态度十分坚决。 
(区别)(1)“坚定”常形容主张、立场、意志、信念、思想等不改变,不动摇。可以说“立场/意志坚定”“坚定的信念”“坚定不移”。 
虽然经历了很多困难,但他们的意志一直都很坚定。|我们对最后的胜利有着坚定的信念。l我们将坚定不移地走改革开放的道路。
“坚决”常形容态度、行动等果断,不犹豫。可以说“坚决改正/支持/拥护/反对/打击/执行”“态度坚决”。 
有了错误就要坚决改正。|那种不负责任的工作作风,应当坚决反对。|一切违法犯罪行为都将受到坚决的打击。 
(2)“坚定”作状语时,常带“地”。 
我们将坚定地站在你一边。 
“坚决”作状语时,常不带“地”。 
我坚决支持你们的意见。 
(3)“坚定”还可以是动词,表示使主张、立场、意志、信念等不改变,不动摇。可以说“坚定信心/立场/信念/决心”。 
在遇到困难的时候,我们更需要坚定必胜的信心。
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