Selected Works of Modern Chinese Learning: The Economic Principles of Confucius and His School

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Author: Chen Huan-chang;
Language: English
Format: 23.6 x 16 x 3.2 cm
Page: 758
Publication Date: 12/2015
ISBN: 9787100112208

Table of Contents

VOLUME Ⅰ
FOREWORD.By Prolessor Friedrich Hinh
PREFACE.By Professor Henry R.Seager
AUTBOR'S PREFACE
PART Ⅰ INTRODUCTION
BOOK Ⅰ.CONFUCIUS AND HIS SCHOOL
CHAPTER
Ⅰ.Life of Confucius
Ⅱ.The Fundamental Concepts of Confucius
Ⅲ.Writings of Confucius and His Disciples
Ⅳ.Historical Movements of Confucianism
BOOK Ⅱ.RELATION OF ECONOMICS TO OTHER SCIENCES
Ⅴ.Economics and Other Sciences in General
Ⅵ.Economics and Sociology
Ⅶ.Economics and Politics
Ⅷ.Economics and Ethics
BOOK Ⅲ GENERAL ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES
Ⅸ.Economic Development as the Chief Cause of Progress
Ⅹ.Economic Organization
Ⅺ.Economic Policies and the Divisions of Economics
PART Ⅱ CONSUMPTION
BOOK Ⅳ.CONSUMPTION
CHAPTER
Ⅻ.General Principles of Consumption
ⅩⅢ.Happiness for Both Rich and Poor
ⅩⅣ.Different Ways of Getting Pleasure
ⅩⅤ.General Standard of Expenditure
ⅩⅥ.Particular Expenditures
PART Ⅲ PRODUCTION
BOOK Ⅴ.FACTORS OF PRODUCTION
ⅩⅦ.Three Factors of Production
ⅩⅧ.Labor—Population
ⅩⅨ.Nature and Capital
VOLUME Ⅱ
PART Ⅲ PRODUCTION
BOOK Ⅵ.BRANCHES OF PRODUCTION
ⅩⅩ.Branches of Production in General
ⅩⅪ.Agriculture
ⅩⅫ.Industry
ⅩⅩⅢ.Commerce
BOOK Ⅶ.DISTRIBUTION
ⅩⅩⅣ.General Principles of Distribution: Rent, Interest and Profits
ⅩⅩⅤ.Wages
BOOK Ⅷ.SOCIALISTIC POLICIES
CHAPTER
ⅩⅩⅥ.The Tsing Tien System
ⅩⅩⅦ.Monopoly
ⅩⅩⅧ.Exclusion of the Ruling Class from the Economic Field
ⅩⅩⅨ.Government Control of Demand and Supply
ⅩⅩⅩ.Government Control of Graln
ⅩⅩⅪ.Government Loans and Public Relief
PART Ⅳ PUBLIC FINANCE
BOOK Ⅸ.PUBLIC FINANCE
ⅩⅩⅫ.Public Expenditures
ⅩⅩⅩⅢ.Taxation in General
ⅩⅩⅩⅣ.Direct Taxes
ⅩⅩⅩⅤ.Indirect Taxes
PART Ⅴ CONCLUSION
ⅩⅩⅩⅥ.Conclusion
APPENDIX Ⅰ Table of Chinese Chronology
APPENDIX Ⅱ List of Authorities in English and Chinese
INDEX
VITA

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In this type of family, wealth is acquired by the father,and it is owned in common by all the members of the family.Therefore, the father is the head of the family, and themother is the head of the household.Or, the wealth isacquired by any one of the brothers, usually the eldest, buthe is willing to give it up to the family as a whole, and regards his parents as the heads.In Chinese history, somefamilies can hold their property under the common ownership for nine generations.But the management of this isvery difficult.In the present day, the tendency is towardsthe limitation of family, basing it on the husband and wifeonly.But as long as the institution of family exists, the Chinese can never separate their parents from the family,just as they cannot separate their children from it.
Moreover, the marriage of a son is usually arranged byhis parents, before he has become a producer.Under suchcircumstances, he has nothing to call his own, and he andhis wife are economically dependent upon his parents.Howcan he be the real head of a family? During this period,his mother takes charge of the household, and his wifeworks merely as a student or an assistant to her.In reality, it is much better for his wife to work under his mother,because Chinese social life is very complex, and a youngwoman can never understand all the affairs of her newhome.Of course she may own some private property, suchas the dower; but, when she receives, or borrows, or givesanything beyond the limit of the family, it is polite for herto ask leave from her mother—in—law.Since her mother—in—law must treat her reasonably, the asking for leave issimply a formal ceremony, otherwise the Chinese could nothave held such a family type for thousands of years.
Selected Works of Modern Chinese Learning: The Economic Principles of Confucius and His School
$29.22