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China Images of Civilization

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Language: English
Page: 338
Publication Date: 01/2010
ISBN: 7119066846,9787119066844
Details
China, as a country, has one of the world's most ancient civilizations. If one begins with the Paleolithic culture of prehistoric times, China has passed through such stages of development as the Neolithic culture,the Bronze culture, the cultures of various-imperial dynasties, and, finally, the modern and contemporary cultures. China: Images of a Civilization, through its brief, systematic introduction to Chinese civilization,especially its presentation of visual materials, unfolds the splendid richness and variety of Chinese national culture and gives one the feeling of reliving those historical and contemporary times.
The recorded history of Chinese civilization of 5,000 years is the true treasure of the Chinese nation. However,the several thousand years of centralized feudal rule had also left a profound mark on Chinese civilization.Today and into the foreseeable future, conflict between traditional customs and new ideas, contradictions between Chinese indigenous culture and foreign influence, will find expression in every field of Chinese society. Nevertheless,we have every reason to expect that China, amidst the clashes of the old and the new, will make the most of the strong points of its traditional civilization, learn from the best of the world's cultures, and will steadfastly advance in its reform. These developments will add a new chapter to Chinese civilization and contribute to world peace and progress.
A Timeline of Other Histories is included, at the bottom of each page, to facilitate the audience to compare the events happened simultaneously in Chinese history with that in the histories of other nations.
Our hope is that this book, China: Images of a Civilization,will provoke more people to understand and appreciate Chinese civilization. 
Table of Contents
Introduction
Ancient China (c.l.7m. years ago-475 B.C.)
Primitive Society (c.l.7m. years ago-4,000 B.C.)
2 The Earliest Chinese • 6 The Matriarchal Age • 12 The Patriarchal Age
Slave Society (c.2000-476 B.C.)
18 The Xia Dynasty • 20 The Shang Dynasty • 24 The Western Zhou Dynasty • 30 The
Spring and Autumn Period
Feudal China (475 B.C.-1840)
The Warring States (475-221 B.C.)
38 Wars • 44 The Iron Age • 48 Schools of Thought
The Qin and Han Dynasties (221-202 B.C.)
54 The Qin Dynasty • 63 The Western Han Dynasty • 67 The Eastern Han Dy nasty
70 Economy and Science • 74 The Silk Road • 75 Great Writers and Thinkers
The Three Kingdoms, Jin Dynasty, Southern and Northern Dynasties
(420-589)
79 The Three Kingdoms • 85 The Jin Dynasty • 88 The Southern and Northern Dynasties
93 Science
The Sui and Tang Dynasties (581-960)
98 The Sui Dynasty • 102 The Tang Dynasty • 110 Economy and Commerce • 112 Science and
Technology • 114 The Golden Age of Buddhism • 117 Art and Literature
The Song and Yuan Dynasties (960-1368)
122 The Northern Sony Dynasty • 127 The Rise of"Barbarian" Regimes • 129 The South-
ern Song Dynasty • 132 The Rise of the Mongol Kingdom • 134 The Yuan Dynasty • 138
Economy • 141 Gold Age of Science • 145 Art and Literature
The Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368-1840)
148 The Ming Dynasty • 155 The Qing Dynasty Before the Opium War • 161 Economy •
164 Science • 166 Art and Literature
Modern China (1840-1949)
The Late Qing Dynasty (1840-1911)
172 The Opium Wars • 178 The Taiping Rebellion • 180 Official Modernization Attempts
• 182 China Carved Up • 185 The Hundred Days' Reform • 187 The Boxer Movement • 190
Reforms and Revolutions
The Republic Period (1911-1949)
195 The Rise ofYuan Shikai • 198 China During the World War I • 201 The May 4th Move-
ment • 204 Introduction of Marxism • 206 The Founding of the Communist Party • 208
Early Activities of the Communists • 211 The First Kuomintang-Communist United Front
• 214 The May 30th Movement • 216 The Northern Expedition • 219 Chiang Turns Against
the Revolution • 221 To Resist the Counter-revolution • 223 Chiang Consolidated His
Political Power • 226 The Revolutionary Base Areas • 228 Chiang Attempts to Wipe Out
the Base Areas • 230 Japanese Aggression in World War II • 232 The Communists' Policy
Toward Japanese Aggression • 233 The Long March • 237 The December 9th Movement •
239 The Xfan Incident • 241 The Second Kuomintang-Communist United Front • 243 Jap-
anese Massive Invasion of China • 245 Rift in the United Front • 24,8 Life in Communist-
controlled Areas • 251 Life in Kuomintang-controlled Areas • 254, After World War II •
256 The Civil War • 260 The War of Liberation
Contemporary China (1949-)
The People's Republic (1949-)
264 The Founding of the People's Republic • 269 The First Five-year Plan • 271 Lessons
from the First Five-year Plan • 272 The Socialist Transformation • 275 The Great Leap For-
ward • 280 Building Socialism by Self-reliance • 282 The "Cultural Revolution"
Reform and Opening-up (1978-)
297 Black Cat, White Cat • 298 Economic Reform • 304 Opening to the Outside World • 307
"Develop the West" Campaign • 309 Three Important Theories • 311 One Country, Two
Systems • :314 An Independent Foreign Policy of Peace • 316 Literature and Art • :320 Edu-
cation • :322 Olympic Dreams • :325 A Better Life • 328 Sustainable Development
A Brief Chronology of Chinese Histroy
Index 
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