Beijing Courtyards

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Table of Contents
Chapter Ⅰ Courtyards and Beijing 
[1] The Evolution of Chinese Courtyards Siheyuan 
[2] From Dadu of Yuan to Beijing of Ming and Qing 
[3] Hutong 
Chapter Ⅱ The Basic Layout of Courtyards in Beijing 
[1] The Typical Layout 
[2] Parallel Layout 
[3] Courtyards with Gardens 
[4] The Landscaping of Courtyards 
Chapter Ⅲ The Architectural Makeup of Courtyards 
[1] A House is Divided into Three Parts 
[2] The Base 
[3] The Carpentry of the House 
[4] The Outer Walls 
[5] The Roof 
[6] Exterior Fit-Up 
[7] Interior Fit-Up 
[8] Furnishings 
Chapter Ⅳ The Types of Houses in Courtyards 
[1] The Front Gate 
[2] The Festooned Gate 
[3] The Main House 
[4] The Side Houses 
[5] The Wing Houses 
[6] The Opposite House 
[7] The Backside House 
[8] The Veranda 
[9] The Screen Wall and the Yard Wall 
Chapter Ⅴ The Construction of Courtyards 
[1] Leveling and Orientation 
[2] Ramming Earth and Building the Bases 
[3] Masonry 
[4] The Processing of Timber 
[5] Tenons and Mortises 
[6] The Beam Mount 
[7] Brickwork 
[8] Tile work 
[9] Wooden Fittings 
[10] Carvings 
[11] Painting and Colored Patterns 
Chapter Ⅵ Selected Classic Residential Courtyards of the Qing Dynasty 
[1] Prince Fu's Mansion 
[2] Prince Gong's Mansion 
[3] The house of chongli 
[4] The House of Wenyu 
[5] The House of linqing 
[6] The House of zhang Zhidong 
[7] The House of Rongyuan 
[8] The House of jiyun 
Chapter Ⅶ Courtyards That are the Former Residences of Modern Cultural 
Chapter Ⅷ The Cultural Implications of Courtyards and the Charm of Living in Them 
Sample Pages Preview

Sample pages of Beijing Courtyards (ISBN:7302290911, 9787302290919) 

Sample pages of Beijing Courtyards (ISBN:7302290911, 9787302290919) 

In feudal China,the family was therigidly stratified society in miniature(Fig.8-2-01) just as the family is the basicunit of modern society.This kind of featureis fully reflected in the layout of Courtyardwhich is closely linked to the inhabitationforms of family members.The houses inCourtyard,resided by various members ofthe family whose statuses are representedin the different position,exposure andspace of their houses,are interconnectedto form a unified whole characterizedwith strong concepts of superiority andinferiority (Fig.8-2-02). 
The main houses in Courtyard,mostlypositioned in the north,enjoy the best exposure,the largest space and the highest roof as well.As the core of whole buildings,the mainhouses are resided by the head of a family.After the head of a family passes away,thesuccessor can not only inherit all the propertiesand but also move into the main houses,climbing to the top of a family justifiably. 
Assuming an east-west asymmetry,side houses are mostly resided by sons,whose status is inferior to main houses.Sincetraditionally the east suggests supremacy,theeastern side house is resided by the eldest sonand western side houses by other youngersons.Furthermore,the fact that the roof ofeastern side house is a little higher than thatof western side house indicates the east issuperior to the west.But this difference,nothing important but in Fengshui,is tootrivial to be observed by naked eyes. 
In ancient times,the unmarried womenenjoyed a lower status and commonlyresided in backside houses.It is a commonpractice to receive teachers hired by thefamily and guests in opposite houses inthe outer yard,while servants have to liverespectively in inferior rooms of oppositehouses,wing-rooms,backside houses orthe yard in accordance with their differentjobs.The people of a lower status have tolive in a small and narrow house with abad orientation.
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Beijing Courtyards