White Papers of the Chinese Government (1991-1999)

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Table of Contents
Human Rights in China (November 1991) 
Criminal Reform in China (August 1992) 
Tibet-Its Ownership and Human Rights Situation (September 1992) 
The Taiwan Question and Reunification of China (August 1993) 
The Situation of Chinese Women (June 1994) 
Intellectual Property Protection in China (June 1994) 
Family Planning in China (August 1995) 
China: Arms Control and Disarmament (November 1995) 
The Progress of Human Rights in China (December 1995) 
The Situation of Children in China (April 1996) 
Environmental Protection in China (June 1996) 
The Grain Issue in China (October 1996) 
Progress in China's Human Rights Cause in 1996 (March 1997) 
On Sino-US Trade Balance (March 1997) 
Freedom of Religious Belief in China (October 1997) 
New Progress in Human Rights in the 
Tibet Autonomous Region (February 1998) 
The Development of China's Marine Programs (May 1998) 
China's National Defense (July 1998) 
Progress in China's Human Rights Conditions in 1998 (April 1999) 
National Minorities Policy and Its Practice in China (September 1999)
Sample Pages Preview
Known as the "Roof of the World," Tibet has quite harsh natural conditions. The region is more than 4,000 metres above sea level on the average. The air there is thin, cold and oxygen deficient and its barometric pressure and oxy-gen content are less than two-thirds of those at lower altitude plains. The duration of time with a temperature of above 10 degrees Centigrade is less than half that in Heilongjiang Province in northernmost China. Only 0.2-0.3 percent of it is arable. Local economic development is slowed down by the plateau climate and geographic conditions. To change this backward situation and promote the common prosperity of all ethnic groups, the central government and the people of the whole country have offered great support to Tibet in terms of labor, materials, finances and technology as well as in policies, demonstrating their special concern. 
Over the last four decades, state financial subsidies to the region reached 15.7 billion yuan and investment in key capital construction projects stood at 4.27 billion yuan, for a total investment of close to 20 billion yuan. Apart from state financial subsidies and capital construction investment, the region has received a multitude of special subsidies granted by ministries and commissions under the State Council in accordance with Tibet's need to develop various under takings. Such special subsidies amounted to 5.9 billion yuan in the period of 1979-86. State financial input in the region has increased by a substantial margin in the last few years and reached 1.7 billion yuan in 1991. At present,the state financial subsidies to the region average 1 billion yuan a year, the nation's top per-capita figure. State investment has brought initial changes to the backward situations in agriculture, livestock breeding, energy, communications,post and telecommunications and other basic industries and infrastructures as well as education and culture, laying a sound material foundation for rapid economic and cultural development in Tibet.
White Papers of the Chinese Government (1991-1999)