General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing

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History always grants people with wisdom and power in a special way. This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. In order to study and apply President Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, to better meet the ever-growing cultural needs of the people, to enhance cultural confidence, to hold the roots of Chongqing as a mountain city, to help fulfill the goals of;'two points" "two lands" and "two highs"
, to give play to "three roles" and create sound political ecology, the Chongqing Local Chronicles Ofiice organized the compilation of General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing (《重庆地情概览》 ) and General Introduction to Urban and Rural Conditions of Chongqing ( 《重庆市情概览》 ) eamestly.The former focuses on Chongqing in history and the latter emphasizes on present Chongqing. Based on historical local chronicles and new socialist local chronicles, General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing introduces Chongqing from comprehensive and three-dimensional perspectives with pictures and illustrations that display Chongqing in the aspects of its history, culture, social changes, reform and development since ancient times, exploring the tenacious, indomitable, upright and frank spirit of the Chongqing people, promoting the image of Chongqing and build the city brand. This book includes natural environment, population and nation, historical development, economic development, cultureand tourism, social cause development, ecological civilization construction, ThreeGorges Migrants, etc.
Table of Contents
Chapter One Natural Environment
Section One Natural Geography
Section Two Natural Resources

Chapter Two Population
Section One Demographic Situation
Section Two Population Migration

Chapter Three Historical Development
Section One Ancient Times
Section Two From Opening as a Commercial Port to the Eve of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression
Section Three During the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression
Section Four During the War of Liberation
Section Five After the Founding of People's Republic of China

Chapter Four Economic Development
Section One Agriculture
Section Two Handicraft Industry
Section Three Industry
Section Four Commerce and Trade
Section Five Communications and Transportation Industry

Chapter Five Culture and Tourism
Section One Culture and Art
Section Two Sports Culture
Section Three Tounsm

Chapter Six Development of Social Cause
Section One Education
Section Two Science and Technology
Section Three Medical and Health Care
Section Four Social Security

Chapter Seven Construction of Ecologi Civilization
Section One Environmental Conditions
Section Two Environmental Control Measures

Chapter Eight Three Gorges Migration
Section One Demonstration and Planning
Section Two Resettlement of Migrants
Section Three Supporting Construction and Development

Appendix 1
Brief List of Historical Events in Chongqing
Appendix 2
List of Organizational System Evolution in Chongqing
Sample Pages Preview
Sample pages of General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing (ISBN:9787568929547)
Sample pages of General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing (ISBN:9787568929547)
Sample pages of General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing (ISBN:9787568929547)
Sample pages of General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing (ISBN:9787568929547)
Chongqing is a land of natural beauty.Chongqing boasts a city with cultural appeal.
"Running far away are the waves of the Han River(汉水).Flying high are the clouds and rain of Wushan Mountain(巫山)".Surrounded by mountains and rivers and hugged by valleys and canyons, Chongqing has been a renowned historical and cultural city where men of letters gathered, merchants converged and a place of strategic importance since ancient times. "The State of Ba(巴国) witnessed rises and falls in its long history". Over 3, 000 years ago, the Ba People(巴人) established their country and capital city here, which later became the birthplace of Bayu Culture(巴渝文化). As the Jialing River(嘉陵江) was called the "Yu River"(渝水) in ancient times, Chongqing was also called "Yu"(渝) in the abbreviated form. In the lst year of Chongning(1102) of the Northern Song Dynasty(北宋崇宁), "Yu Zhou" (渝州) was renamed "Gong Zhou"(恭州). In the 16th year of Chunxi(1189) of the Southem Song Dynasty(南宋淳熙) , Zhao Dun(赵惇), Emperor Guangzong of Song, ascended to the throne, and "Gong Zhou" was ascended to "Chongqing Fu"(重庆府). This is the origin of the name "Chongqing". Since the Qin Dynasty(秦朝), this ancient city of Chongqing has been built four times before taking shape. In the year 1891, Chongqing became one of the earliest inland trading ports that was opened to the outside world. In the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression,
the National Government(国民政府) moved to Yu, and Chongqing became the "War-time Capital" and the far east commanding center of the World Anti-Fascist
War. It was also the location of the Southwest Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China(中共中央西南局) represented by comrade Zhou Enlai. China Democratic League(民盟), China National Democratic Construction Association(民建), Jiu San Society(九三学社), and Federation of Comrades of the Three People's Principles(三民主义同志联合会), as one of the predecessors of The Revolutionary Committee of Kuomintang(民革), were all established here. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, it was the seat of the Southwest Bureau of the Central Committee of CPC and Southwest Military and Political Commission(西南军政委员会). Chongqing was also the political, economic and cultural center in southwest China, as well as the key area of "Strategic Area Construction in National Defence"(三线建设); meanwhile, it was the first pilot city that exercised the comprehensive reform of the economic system. Since Chongqing became a municipality directly under the central govemment in 1997, its economic and social developments have all been made around its national orientation as an important central city, an economic hub in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River, a key base of modern manufacturing, an integrated transportation hub in southwest China as well as an inland open highland. As a result, tremendous progress has been made in all its causes.
Surrounded by great mountains and rivers and seated under the solemn and magnificent Baidicheng(白帝城), Kuimen(夔门), the most majestic mountain pass, has been the everlasting theme for men of letters; on the steep cliffs of Dazu(大足), the wisdom and artistry in the making of Dazu Stone Carvings made it a masterpiece that has drawn worldwide attention in the history of grotto art. The open and vast natural environment has bred loyalty, bravery, integrity, benevolence, openness and inclusiveness of the Chongqing people. The sons and daughters of Bayu have created a brilliant history and culture with their industriousness. In the critical moment of being defeated and losing the country, Ba Manzi(巴蔓子), a commander of the Ba State, cut his throat in order to save his country.
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General Introduction to Natural and Cultural Geography of Chongqing