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Talking Chinese English Dictionary

Talking Chinese<->English dictionary with pinyin, English definition, pronunciation, variants, stroke animation, stroke order image, and sample sentences.
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IDChineseTrad.PinyinPlainPYEnglish Definition
IDChineseTrad.PinyinPlainPYEnglish Definition
1 xiānxian1early; prior; former; in advance; first
2先生 xiān shengXian1 sheng5teacher; husband; doctor (dialect); Classifiers: ; Mister (Mr.)
3先进 先進 xiān jìnxian1 jin4advanced (technology); to advance
4先后 先後 xiān hòuxian1 hou4early or late; priority; in succession; one after another
5先天 xiān tiānxian1 tian1inborn; innate; natural
6先前 xiān qiánxian1 qian2before; previously
7先行 xiān xíngxian1 xing2to precede others; in advance
8先锋 先鋒 xiān fēngxian1 feng1vanguard; pioneer; avant-garde
9先天性 xiān tiān xìngxian1 tian1 xing4congenital; intrinsic; innateness
10先秦 xiān qínxian1 Qin2pre-Qin, Chinese history up to the foundation of the Qin imperial dynasty in 221 BC
11先辈 先輩 xiān bèixian1 bei4elders; former generations
12先妣 xiān xian1 bi3deceased mother; mother of an ancestor
13先鞭 xiān biānxian1 bian1to take precedence; to make an early start; to lead the way
14先兵后礼 先兵後禮 xiān bīng hòu xian1 bing1 hou4 li3opposite of 先礼后兵
15先不先 xiān xiānxian1 bu4 xian1(dialect) first of all; in the first place
16先慈 xiān xian1 ci2deceased mother
17先达 先達 xiān xian1 da2famous and virtuous ancestors; the great men of the past
18先打后拉 先打後拉 xiān hòu xian1 da3 hou4 la1to first attack and then cajole (idiom)
19先大母 xiān xian1 da4 mu3deceased paternal grandmother
20先导 先導 xiān dǎoxian1 dao3guide; forerunner; pioneer
21先到后走 先到後走 xiān dào hòu zǒuxian1 dao4 hou4 zou3to be the first to arrive and the last to leave (idiom)
22先到先得 xiān dào xiān xian1 dao4 xian1 de2first come first served
23先帝遗诏 先帝遺詔 xiān zhàoxian1 di4 yi2 zhao4posthumous edict of former emperor; Liu Bei's 刘备 edict to posterity
24先睹为快 先睹為快 xiān wéi kuàixian1 du3 wei2 kuai4joy of first experience (idiom); the pleasure of reading sth for the first time
25先发 先發 xiān xian1 fa1initial; arising first; same as 首先发起
26先发制人 先發制人 xiān zhì rénxian1 fa1 zhi4 ren2to gain the initiative by striking first (idiom); to preempt; to anticipate; preemptive
27先锋队 先鋒隊 xiān fēng duìxian1 feng1 dui4vanguard
28先锋派 先鋒派 xiān fēng pàixian1 feng1 pai4avant-garde
29先父 xiān xian1 fu4deceased father; my late father
30先公 xiān gōngxian1 gong1deceased father; deceased senior male figure
31先公后私 先公後私 xiān gōng hòu xian1 gong1 hou4 si1Public interest comes before private; personal interests. (idiom)
32先汉 先漢 xiān hànxian1 Han4pre-Han; China before to 200 BC
33先河 xiān xian1 he2priority; sth advocated first; refers to ancient tradition: Worship the river first, then the sea.
34先后顺序 先後順序 xiān hòu shùn xian1 hou4 shun4 xu4order of priority; sequential order
35先皇 xiān huángxian1 Huang2the late Emperor
36先机 先機 xiān xian1 ji1key moment; decisive opportunity
37先击能力 先擊能力 xiān néng xian1 ji1 neng2 li4first-strike capability
38先己后人 先己後人 xiān hòu rénxian1 ji3 hou4 ren2to put oneself before others (idiom)
39先见 先見 xiān jiànxian1 jian4foresight; prescience
40先见者 先見者 xiān jiàn zhěxian1 jian4 zhe3seer
41先见之明 先見之明 xiān jiàn zhī míngxian1 jian4 zhi1 ming2foresight
42先进集体 先進集體 xiān jìn xian1 jin4 ji2 ti3(official accolade) advanced team; exemplary group
43先进水平 先進水平 xiān jìn shuǐ píngxian1 jin4 shui3 ping2advanced level
44先进武器 先進武器 xiān jìn xian1 jin4 wu3 qi4advanced weapon
45先决 先決 xiān juéxian1 jue2person with foresight; prerequisite; precondition
46先决条件 先決條件 xiān jué tiáo jiànxian1 jue2 tiao2 jian4precondition; prerequisite
47先决问题 先決問題 xiān jué wèn xian1 jue2 wen4 ti2preliminary question; priority problem; issues requiring more immediate attention
48先君 xiān jūnxian1 jun1my late father; my ancestors; the late emperor
49先苦后乐 先苦後樂 xiān hòu xian1 ku3 hou4 le4to be the first to bear hardships, the last to enjoy comforts (idiom)
50先来后到 先來後到 xiān lái hòu dàoxian1 lai2 hou4 dao4in order of arrival; first come, first served
51先礼后兵 先禮後兵 xiān hòu bīngxian1 li3 hou4 bing1peaceful measures before using force (idiom); diplomacy before violence; jaw-jaw is better than war-war
52先例 xiān xian1 li4antecedent; precedent
53先烈 xiān lièxian1 lie4martyr
54先令 xiān lìngxian1 ling4shilling (loanword)
55先露异常 先露異常 xiān chángxian1 lu4 yi4 chang2malpresentation (idiom)
56先民 xiān mínxian1 min2forebears
57先难后易 先難後易 xiān nán hòu xian1 nan2 hou4 yi4Things are difficult at first and quite easy afterwards. (idiom)
58先期 xiān xian1 qi1in advance; beforehand; premature; front-end
59先期录音 先期錄音 xiān yīnxian1 qi1 lu4 yin1prerecording; to prerecord
60先遣队 先遣隊 xiān qiǎn duìxian1 qian3 dui4advance party; advance troops
61先驱 先驅 xiān xian1 qu1pioneer
62先驱者 先驅者 xiān zhěxian1 qu1 zhe3pioneer
63先人 xiān rénxian1 ren2ancestors; previous generations; my late father
64先人后己 先人後己 xiān rén hòu xian1 ren2 hou4 ji3to put others before oneself (idiom)
65先容 xiān róngxian1 rong2to introduce sb; to recommend
66先入为主 先入為主 xiān wéi zhǔxian1 ru4 wei2 zhu3lit. first impression is strongest
67先声 先聲 xiān shēngxian1 sheng1herald; precursor; harbinger
68先声夺人 先聲奪人 xiān shēng duó rénxian1 sheng1 duo2 ren2to gain the upper hand by a show of strength
69先生们 先生們 xiān sheng menxian1 sheng5 men5gentlemen
70先天不足 xiān tiān xian1 tian1 bu4 zu2congenital deficiency; inherent weakness
71先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐 先天下之憂而憂,後天下之樂而樂 xiān tiān xià zhī yōu ér yōu , hòu tiān xià zhī ér xian1 tian1 xia4 zhi1 you1 er2 you1 , hou4 tian1 xia4 zhi1 le4 er2 le4The first concern is affairs of state, enjoying the pleasure comes later. Quotation from essay On Yueyang Tower 岳阳楼记 by Song writer Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹
72先天性缺陷 xiān tiān xìng quē xiànxian1 tian1 xing4 que1 xian4birth defect
73先天愚型 xiān tiān xíngxian1 tian1 yu2 xing2Down syndrome; trisomy 21
74先头 先頭 xiān tóuxian1 tou2in advance; ahead; before; previously
75先王 xiān wángxian1 wang2former kings; former emperors; in Confucian writing, refers esp. to the sage rulers Yao and the kings of Zhou
76先王之道 xiān wáng zhī dàoxian1 wang2 zhi1 dao4the way of former kings
77先王之乐 先王之樂 xiān wáng zhī yuèxian1 wang2 zhi1 yue4the music of former kings
78先王之政 xiān wáng zhī zhèngxian1 wang2 zhi1 zheng4the rule of former kings
79先下手为强 先下手為強 xiān xià shǒu wéi qiángxian1 xia4 shou3 wei2 qiang2strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the first move is an advantage.
80先贤 先賢 xiān xiánxian1 xian2worthy predecessor; distinguished person of the past; former sage
81先行者 xiān xíng zhěxian1 xing2 zhe3forerunner
82先验 先驗 xiān yànxian1 yan4a priori (philosophy)
83先验概率 先驗概率 xiān yàn gài xian1 yan4 gai4 lu:4prior probability (statistics)
84先忧后乐 先憂後樂 xiān yōu hòu xian1 you1 hou4 le4to plan or worry ahead and enjoy only afterwards; First labor, then enjoy. (idiom)
85先有 xiān yǒuxian1 you3prior; preexisting
86先有后婚 先有後婚 xiān yǒu hòu hūnxian1 you3 hou4 hun1marriage arranged following a pregnancy; marriage necessitated by an unplanned pregnancy
87先斩后奏 先斬後奏 xiān zhǎn hòu zòuxian1 zhan3 hou4 zou4first decapitate then present your trophy (idiom); act first, report later
88先兆 xiān zhàoxian1 zhao4omen
89先哲 xiān zhéxian1 zhe2distinguished precursor; famous thinker of antiquity
90先知 xiān zhīxian1 zhi1prophet
91先知先觉 先知先覺 xiān zhī xiān juéxian1 zhi1 xian1 jue2foresight; having foresight; person of foresight
92先奏后斩 先奏後斬 xiān zòu hòu zhǎnxian1 zou4 hou4 zhan3to report first and act afterwards (idiom)
93先祖 xiān xian1 zu3deceased grandfather; ancestry
94先进个人 先進個人 xiān jìn rénxian1 jin4 ge4 ren2(official accolade) advanced individual; exemplary individual

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