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A Short History of Modern Chinese Literature

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Author: Ting Yi ;
Language: English
Format: Hardcover
Page: 312
Publication Date: 08/2010
ISBN: 9787119065373
Series: China Studies
Details
This is a brief narrative of the birth and growth of modern Chinese literature from the May 4 Movement in 1919 to the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.
The May 4 Movement marks the opening of the new-democratic revolution in China, as well as the beginning of a completely new literature, a proletarian literature which is strongly anti-imperialist and anti-feudal in nature.
The three decades which followed the May 4 Movement saw the emergence of such outstanding writers as Lu Hsun--the most outstanding figure of the new culture--Kuo Mo-jo, Mao Tun and a host of others. A huge number of new literary works were produced--some of permanent interest and value, others which had bearing upon the events of their day. Both the writers and their more important works as well as the complex struggles between revolutionary writers and a handful of reactionary "scholars" are discussed in this book in greater or lesser detail.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER ONE
THE MAY 4 MOVEMENT AND THE RISE AND GROWTH OF THE MODERN LITERARY REVOLUTION IN CHINA. THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF LU HSUN
Section 1. The May 4 Movement and the Spread of Comrnunist Ideas as the Causes for the Modern Literary Revolution in China
Seetion 2. The Rise of the Literary Revolution and Its Theoreticai Foundation
Section 3; The Devei0pment of the Theories of the Literary Revolution
Section 4. The Struggle of the Literary RevolutionaryCamp Headed by Lu Hsun Against Feudal and Right-Wing Bourgeois Literature

CHAPTER TWO
THE LEFT-WING LITERARY MOVEMENT-ACTIVITIES OF THE CHINA LEAGUE' OF LEFT, WING WRITERS LEDBY LU HSUN AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF AND STRUGGLES AROUND THE THEORIES ON REVOLU-TIONARY LITERATURE
Section 1. The First Revolutionary Civil War and the Formation of a New Front in the Literary Movement
Section 2. The Establishment of the China League of Left-Wing Writers and Its Struggle Against Reactionary Politics
Section 3. The Contributions of Lu Hsun and Chu Chiupai
Section 4. The Art and Literary Movement in the Soviet Areas
Section 5. The Struggles of the Camp of Revolutionary Literature Led by Lu Hsun Against the Reactionary Literary Trends

CHAPTER THREE
THE LEFT-WING LITERARY MOVEMENT (Cohtinued)——THE ANTI-JAPANESE NATIONAL UNITED FRONT OF WRITERS AND ARTISTS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF AND STRUGGLES AROUND THE THEORIES, ON RESISTANCE LITERATURE
Section 1. The Formation of the Anti-Japanese Uaited Front of Writers and Artists
Section 2. The Outbreak of the War of Resistance and Literature in the Service of the Resistance Movement
Section 3. Discussions on the Question of Resistance Literature in the Kuomintang-Contr011ed Areas

CHAPTER FOUR
CHINESE LITERATURE IN THE SERVICE OF THE WORK- ERS, PEASANTS AND SOLDIERS - THE PUBLICATION OF MAO TSE-TUNG'S TALKS AT THE YENAN FORUM ON ART AND LITERATURE
Section 1. The :Publication of the Talks at the Yenan Forum on Art and Literature
Section 2. Talks at the Yenan, Forum on Art and Litera- ture - Its Contents and Historic Significance

CHAPTER FIVE
LU HSUN, STANDARD-BEARER OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE'S NEW CULTURE AND COMMUNIST THINKER
Section 1. His Life and Ideological Development
Section 2. Lu Hsun's Works of Fiction- from Thorough, Critical Realism to Socialist Realism

CHAPTER SIX
LU HSUN, STANDARD-BEARER OF THE CHINESE PEO-PLE'S NEW CULTURE AND COMMUNIST THINKER (Continued)
Section 1. Lu Hsun's Essays——Socialist in Content and National in Form
Section 2. Lu Hsun's Earlier Essays
Section 3. Essays of the Later Period

CHAPTER SEVEN
KUO MO-JO AND OTHER WRITERS BEFORE AND AFTER THE MAY 4 MOVEMENT
Section 1. Kuo Mo-jo's Literary Works
Section 2. Novelists of the Late May 4 Period
Section 3. Realism in Poetry and Drama Before and After the May 4 Movement

CHAPTER EIGHT
REVOLUTIONARY WRITERS, PROGRESSIVE WRITERS, AND LITERARY SCHOOLS OF THE DECLINING BOUR-GEOISIE
Section 1. Revolutionary Writers
Section 2. Progressive Writers
Section 3. Literary Schools of the Declining Bourgeoisie

CHAPTER NINE
MAO TUN AND THE REVOLUTIONARY WRITERS OF THE PERIOD OF THE LEAGUE OF LEFT-WING WRITERS
Section 1. Mao Tun and His Literary Works
Section 2. Various Sides of Social Life Reflected in the Novel
Section 3. Revolutionary Poetry and Drama Movements During the Period of the League of Left-Wing Writers
Section 4. The Rise of Reportage and Attempts at Producing Popular Literature

CHAPTER TEN
LITERARY WORKS ON THE WAR OF RESISTANCE
Section 1. Reportage, "Street Poetry," "Street Plays" and Popular Literary Works
Section 2. Literary Works on the Early Period of the War of Resistance
Section 3. Literary Works Exposing the Kuomintang in the Later Period of the War and After V-J Day
Section 4. Literary Activities in the Shensi-Kansu- Ningsia Border Region and the Anti-Japanese Bases in the Enemy's Rear

CHAPTER ELEVEN
LITERATURE IN THE LIBERATED AREAS ON THE PATH OF SOCIALIST REALISM
Section 1. Works Mirroring Mass Struggles and Productive Activities
Section 2. The Literary Activities Among the Workers,peasants and Soldiers; the Reform of the Folk Arts

CHAPTER TWELVE
THE VICTORY OF MAO TSE-TUNG'S PRINCIPLES ON ART AND LITERATURE
Section 1. The Victory of the Chinese People's Revolu- tion and the Convocation of the All-China Congress Of Wrilers and Artists
Section 2. The Realization of Mao Tse-tung's Principles on Art and LiteratUre
INDEX
Sample Pages Preview
China's national industry. The story woven around thischaracter is a complicated one fully reflecting the contradictions of the time. Among the things described arethe economically ruined countryside and peasant uprisings, the decline of national industry under the pressureof imperialist economic aggression, the capitalist exploitation of the workers, the Workers' protests and strikes,the all-powerful stock exchange, the life and quarrelsof the families of the capitalists, and so forth. Thecharacters include national capitalists, compradorcapitalists who are the brokers of the American imperialists, Communists leading the workers' movements,lackeys who organize "yellow" trade unions for thecapitalists, die-hards of the feudal society, loafing intellectuals of the petty bourgeoisie, women of the bourgeoisie, and workers and peasants. In all, Midnight,with its skilful weaving of all these characters and scenesinto one long, complicated story, was the first novel ofits kind in the history of Chinese literature.
Through these many big, contradictory, and complexevents and characters, the author succeeded in realizinghis plan. He drives home one important truth and thatis that the imperialists, to save themselves from collapse,strengthen their hold on semi-colonial countries, makethem more and more colonial, and hold them back fromtaking the road to capitalism. For this reason the nationalindustry of semi-colonial and semi-feudal China was notonly unable to develop but had to accept imperialistcontrol and suffer imperialist encroachment. To savethemselves from ruin the national capitalists had to increase their exploitation of the workers on the one handand compromise with the feudal forces, give way to theimperialists, and act as compradors on the other.
A Short History of Modern Chinese Literature
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