Meaning of 艰

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(Trad.: 艱)
Pinyin: jiān
English Definition: difficult; hard; hardship
Chinese Definition:
Total strokes: 8; Radical:
Pictophonetic: indicates the sound; (tough) conveys the meaning.
Character Formation:
  • Left to right
    • [ yòu ] and, also, again, in addition
    • [ gěn ] blunt; tough, chewy
Similar Characters:
Step by Step Stroke Sequence: Download Customize Pin it
Stroke order image for Chinese character 艰
Example Words
艰难 jiān nán difficult; hard; challenging
艰苦 jiān difficult; hard; arduous
艰巨 jiān arduous; terrible (task); very difficult; formidable
艰辛 jiān xīn hardships; arduous; difficult
艰险 jiān xiǎn difficult and dangerous; hardships and perils
More: 艰* | *艰 | *艰*
Example Sentences
"We must therefore prepare for a difficult year ahead, and especially the first half of 2009. Our economy will probably contract further," he said.
IT IS perhaps the hardest reform of all.
The process of leaving the euro would be so painful and difficult, practically as well as politically, that governments could be expected to exhaust almost any other option first.
Because of the economic slowdown, the Chinese market has been very difficult.
The difference between a struggling family and a healthy one is often the presence of an empowered woman or women, at the center of that family.