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Talking Chinese English Dictionary

Talking Chinese<->English dictionary with pinyin, English definition, pronunciation, variants, stroke animation, stroke order image, and sample sentences.
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IDChineseTrad.PinyinPlainPYEnglish Definition
IDChineseTrad.PinyinPlainPYEnglish Definition
1 xiānxian1early; prior; former; in advance; first
2先生 xiān shengXian1 sheng5teacher; husband; doctor (dialect); Classifiers: ; Mister (Mr.)
3首先 shǒu xiānshou3 xian1first (of all); in the first place
4先进 先進 xiān jìnxian1 jin4advanced (technology); to advance
5先后 先後 xiān hòuxian1 hou4early or late; priority; in succession; one after another
6祖先 xiānzu3 xian1ancestor; forebears
7事先 shì xiānshi4 xian1in advance; before the event; beforehand; prior
8预先 預先 xiānyu4 xian1beforehand; in advance
9优先 優先 yōu xiānyou1 xian1to have priority; to take precedence
10原先 yuán xiānyuan2 xian1originally; original; former
11先天 xiān tiānxian1 tian1inborn; innate; natural
12最先 zuì xiānzui4 xian1(the) very first
13先前 xiān qiánxian1 qian2before; previously
14领先 領先 lǐng xiānling3 xian1to lead; to be in front
15先行 xiān xíngxian1 xing2to precede others; in advance
16抢先 搶先 qiǎng xiānqiang3 xian1to rush (to do sth urgent); to try to be the first; to forestall
17先锋 先鋒 xiān fēngxian1 feng1vanguard; pioneer; avant-garde
18起先 xiānqi3 xian1at first; in the beginning
19率先 shuài xiānshuai4 xian1to take the lead; to show initiative
20争先恐后 爭先恐後 zhēng xiān kǒng hòuzheng1 xian1 kong3 hou4striving to be first and fearing to be last (idiom); outdoing one another
21先天性 xiān tiān xìngxian1 tian1 xing4congenital; intrinsic; innateness
22先秦 xiān qínxian1 Qin2pre-Qin, Chinese history up to the foundation of the Qin imperial dynasty in 221 BC
23按时间先后 按時間先後 àn shí jiān xiān hòuan4 shi2 jian1 xian1 hou4chronological
24巴先 xiānba1 xian1percent (loanword)
25白先勇 bái xiān yǒngBai2 Xian1 yong3Bai Xianyong (1937-), Chinese-Taiwanese-US novelist of Hui descent
26百善孝为先 百善孝為先 bǎi shàn xiào wéi xiānbai3 shan4 xiao4 wei2 xian1of all virtues filial piety is most important (idiom)
27笨鸟先飞 笨鳥先飛 bèn niǎo xiān fēiben4 niao3 xian1 fei1lit. the clumsy bird flies early (idiom); fig. to work hard to compensate for one's limited abilities
28兵马未动,粮草先行 兵馬未動,糧草先行 bīng wèi dòng , liáng cǎo xiān xíngbing1 ma3 wei4 dong4 , liang2 cao3 xian1 xing2before the troops move, fodder and provisions go first (idiom); logistics comes before military maneuvers; an army marches on its stomach
29不首先使用 shǒu xiān shǐ yòngbu4 shou3 xian1 shi3 yong4no first use (policy for nuclear weapons); NFU
30不先不后 不先不後 xiān hòubu4 xian1 bu4 hou4just at the right time (idiom)
31缠夹二先生 纏夾二先生 chán jiā èr xiān shengchan2 jia1 er4 xian1 sheng5annoying muddle-headed person who gabbles unintelligibly
32承先启后 承先啟後 chéng xiān hòucheng2 xian1 qi3 hou4see 承前启后
33春江水暖鸭先知 春江水暖鴨先知 chūn jiāng shuǐ nuǎn xiān zhīchun1 jiang1 shui3 nuan3 ya1 xian1 zhi1lit. the duck is the first to know if the spring water is warm (idiom); fig. an expert in the field knows which way the wind blows
34从先 從先 cóng xiāncong2 xian1(dialect) before; in the past; previously
35大先知书 大先知書 xiān zhī shūDa4 xian1 zhi1 shu1the biblical books of the prophets
36戴克里先 dài xiānDai4 ke4 li3 xian1Diocletian (c. 245-311), Roman emperor
37德先生 xiān shengDe2 xian1 sheng5"Mr Democracy", phrase used during the May 4th Movement 五四运动
38对不起,请先登录 對不起,請先登錄 duì bu , qǐng xiān dēng dui4 bu5 qi3 , qing3 xian1 deng1 lu4Sorry, please register first
39恶人先告状 惡人先告狀 è rén xiān gào zhuànge4 ren2 xian1 gao4 zhuang4the guilty party files the suit; the thief cries thief
40奋勇当先 奮勇當先 fèn yǒng dāng xiānfen4 yong3 dang1 xian1to muster one's courage and fight in the vanguard (idiom)
41风水先生 風水先生 fēng shuǐ xiān shengfeng1 shui3 xian1 sheng5feng shui master; geomancer; stock figure in folk tales, as a wise adviser or a charlatan
42敢为人先 敢為人先 gǎn wéi rén xiāngan3 wei2 ren2 xian1to dare to be first; to pioneer (idiom)
43革命先烈 mìng xiān liège2 ming4 xian1 lie4martyr to the revolution
44工欲善其事,必先利其器 gōng shàn shì , xiān gong1 yu4 shan4 qi2 shi4 , bi4 xian1 li4 qi2 qi4To do a good job, an artisan needs the best tools (idiom). Good tools are prerequisite to the successful execution of a job
45国际先驱论坛报 國際先驅論壇報 guó xiān lùn tán bàoGuo2 ji4 Xian1 qu1 Lun4 tan2 Bao4International Herald Tribune
46憨豆先生 hān dòu xiān shengHan1 dou4 Xian1 sheng5Mr. Bean (TV)
47好好先生 hǎo hǎo xiān shenghao3 hao3 xian1 sheng5Mr Goody-goody; yes-man (sb who agrees with anything)
48后进先出 後進先出 hòu jìn xiān chūhou4 jin4 xian1 chu1to come late and leave first; last in, first out (LIFO)
49急先锋 急先鋒 xiān fēngji2 xian1 feng1daring vanguard; pioneer; leading figure
50疾足先登 xiān dēngji2 zu2 xian1 deng1One who acts fast will succeed first. (idiom)
51捷足先得 jié xiān jie2 zu2 xian1 de2The race is to the swift. (idiom)
52捷足先登 jié xiān dēngjie2 zu2 xian1 deng1the quick-footed climb up first (idiom); the early bird catches the worm; first come, first served
53尽先 儘先 jǐn xiānjin3 xian1in the first instance; as a first priority
54近水楼台先得月 近水樓臺先得月 jìn shuǐ lóu tái xiān yuèjin4 shui3 lou2 tai2 xian1 de2 yue4the pavilion closest to the water enjoys moonlight first (idiom); to benefit from intimacy with an influential person
55开路先锋 開路先鋒 kāi xiān fēngkai1 lu4 xian1 feng1pioneer; trailbreaker
56开先 開先 kāi xiānkai1 xian1at first
57溘先朝露 xiān zhāo ke4 xian1 zhao1 lu4the morning dew will swiftly dissipate (idiom); fig. ephemeral and precarious nature of human existence
58李先念 xiān niànLi3 Xian1 nian4Li Xiannian (1909-1992), PRC general and politician
59领先地位 領先地位 lǐng xiān wèiling3 xian1 di4 wei4lead(ing) position
60梅竹先春 méi zhú xiān chūnmei2 zhu2 xian1 chun1plum and bamboo ushering in the spring (idiom)
61女士优先 女士優先 shì yōu xiānnu:3 shi4 you1 xian1Ladies first!
62其先 xiānqi2 xian1previously; before that; up to then
63前贤先哲 前賢先哲 qián xián xiān zhéqian2 xian2 xian1 zhe2the wise men of the past (idiom)
64请先登录 請先登錄 qǐng xiān dēng qing3 xian1 deng1 lu4please register first
65赛先生 賽先生 sài xiān shengSai4 xian1 sheng5"Mr Science", phrase used during the May 4th Movement 五四运动
66少年先锋队 少年先鋒隊 shào nián xiān fēng duìShao4 nian2 Xian1 feng1 dui4Young Pioneers of China (primary school league, a preparation for Communist Youth League); abbr. to 少先队
67少先队 少先隊 shào xiān duìShao4 Xian1 dui4Young Pioneers of China, abbr. for 少年先锋队
68少先队员 少先隊員 shào xiān duì yuánshao4 xian1 dui4 yuan2member of the Young Pioneers
69身先士卒 shēn xiān shì shen1 xian1 shi4 zu2to fight at the head of one's troops; (fig.) to take the lead
70身先朝露 shēn xiān zhāo shen1 xian1 zhao1 lu4body will go with the morning dew (idiom); fig. ephemeral and precarious nature of human existence
71事先通知 shì xiān tōng zhīshi4 xian1 tong1 zhi1preliminary notification; to announce in advance
72算命先生 suàn mìng xiān shengsuan4 ming4 xian1 sheng5fortune-teller
73未卜先知 wèi xiān zhīwei4 bu3 xian1 zhi1predictable; sth one can predict without being a clairvoyant
74未老先衰 wèi lǎo xiān shuāiwei4 lao3 xian1 shuai1to age prematurely
75闻风先遁 聞風先遁 wén fēng xiān dùnwen2 feng1 xian1 dun4to flee at hearing the news (idiom)
76先辈 先輩 xiān bèixian1 bei4elders; former generations
77先妣 xiān xian1 bi3deceased mother; mother of an ancestor
78先鞭 xiān biānxian1 bian1to take precedence; to make an early start; to lead the way
79先兵后礼 先兵後禮 xiān bīng hòu xian1 bing1 hou4 li3opposite of 先礼后兵
80先不先 xiān xiānxian1 bu4 xian1(dialect) first of all; in the first place
81先慈 xiān xian1 ci2deceased mother
82先达 先達 xiān xian1 da2famous and virtuous ancestors; the great men of the past
83先打后拉 先打後拉 xiān hòu xian1 da3 hou4 la1to first attack and then cajole (idiom)
84先大母 xiān xian1 da4 mu3deceased paternal grandmother
85先导 先導 xiān dǎoxian1 dao3guide; forerunner; pioneer
86先到后走 先到後走 xiān dào hòu zǒuxian1 dao4 hou4 zou3to be the first to arrive and the last to leave (idiom)
87先到先得 xiān dào xiān xian1 dao4 xian1 de2first come first served
88先帝遗诏 先帝遺詔 xiān zhàoxian1 di4 yi2 zhao4posthumous edict of former emperor; Liu Bei's 刘备 edict to posterity
89先睹为快 先睹為快 xiān wéi kuàixian1 du3 wei2 kuai4joy of first experience (idiom); the pleasure of reading sth for the first time
90先发 先發 xiān xian1 fa1initial; arising first; same as 首先发起
91先发制人 先發制人 xiān zhì rénxian1 fa1 zhi4 ren2to gain the initiative by striking first (idiom); to preempt; to anticipate; preemptive
92先锋队 先鋒隊 xiān fēng duìxian1 feng1 dui4vanguard
93先锋派 先鋒派 xiān fēng pàixian1 feng1 pai4avant-garde
94先父 xiān xian1 fu4deceased father; my late father
95先公 xiān gōngxian1 gong1deceased father; deceased senior male figure
96先公后私 先公後私 xiān gōng hòu xian1 gong1 hou4 si1Public interest comes before private; personal interests. (idiom)
97先汉 先漢 xiān hànxian1 Han4pre-Han; China before to 200 BC
98先河 xiān xian1 he2priority; sth advocated first; refers to ancient tradition: Worship the river first, then the sea.
99先后顺序 先後順序 xiān hòu shùn xian1 hou4 shun4 xu4order of priority; sequential order
100先皇 xiān huángxian1 Huang2the late Emperor
101先机 先機 xiān xian1 ji1key moment; decisive opportunity
102先击能力 先擊能力 xiān néng xian1 ji1 neng2 li4first-strike capability
103先己后人 先己後人 xiān hòu rénxian1 ji3 hou4 ren2to put oneself before others (idiom)
104先见 先見 xiān jiànxian1 jian4foresight; prescience
105先见者 先見者 xiān jiàn zhěxian1 jian4 zhe3seer
106先见之明 先見之明 xiān jiàn zhī míngxian1 jian4 zhi1 ming2foresight
107先进集体 先進集體 xiān jìn xian1 jin4 ji2 ti3(official accolade) advanced team; exemplary group
108先进水平 先進水平 xiān jìn shuǐ píngxian1 jin4 shui3 ping2advanced level
109先进武器 先進武器 xiān jìn xian1 jin4 wu3 qi4advanced weapon
110先决 先決 xiān juéxian1 jue2person with foresight; prerequisite; precondition
111先决条件 先決條件 xiān jué tiáo jiànxian1 jue2 tiao2 jian4precondition; prerequisite
112先决问题 先決問題 xiān jué wèn xian1 jue2 wen4 ti2preliminary question; priority problem; issues requiring more immediate attention
113先君 xiān jūnxian1 jun1my late father; my ancestors; the late emperor
114先苦后乐 先苦後樂 xiān hòu xian1 ku3 hou4 le4to be the first to bear hardships, the last to enjoy comforts (idiom)
115先来后到 先來後到 xiān lái hòu dàoxian1 lai2 hou4 dao4in order of arrival; first come, first served
116先礼后兵 先禮後兵 xiān hòu bīngxian1 li3 hou4 bing1peaceful measures before using force (idiom); diplomacy before violence; jaw-jaw is better than war-war
117先例 xiān xian1 li4antecedent; precedent
118先烈 xiān lièxian1 lie4martyr
119先令 xiān lìngxian1 ling4shilling (loanword)
120先露异常 先露異常 xiān chángxian1 lu4 yi4 chang2malpresentation (idiom)
121先民 xiān mínxian1 min2forebears
122先难后易 先難後易 xiān nán hòu xian1 nan2 hou4 yi4Things are difficult at first and quite easy afterwards. (idiom)
123先期 xiān xian1 qi1in advance; beforehand; premature; front-end
124先期录音 先期錄音 xiān yīnxian1 qi1 lu4 yin1prerecording; to prerecord
125先遣队 先遣隊 xiān qiǎn duìxian1 qian3 dui4advance party; advance troops
126先驱 先驅 xiān xian1 qu1pioneer
127先驱者 先驅者 xiān zhěxian1 qu1 zhe3pioneer
128先人 xiān rénxian1 ren2ancestors; previous generations; my late father
129先人后己 先人後己 xiān rén hòu xian1 ren2 hou4 ji3to put others before oneself (idiom)
130先容 xiān róngxian1 rong2to introduce sb; to recommend
131先入为主 先入為主 xiān wéi zhǔxian1 ru4 wei2 zhu3lit. first impression is strongest
132先声 先聲 xiān shēngxian1 sheng1herald; precursor; harbinger
133先声夺人 先聲奪人 xiān shēng duó rénxian1 sheng1 duo2 ren2to gain the upper hand by a show of strength
134先生们 先生們 xiān sheng menxian1 sheng5 men5gentlemen
135先天不足 xiān tiān xian1 tian1 bu4 zu2congenital deficiency; inherent weakness
136先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐 先天下之憂而憂,後天下之樂而樂 xiān tiān xià zhī yōu ér yōu , hòu tiān xià zhī ér xian1 tian1 xia4 zhi1 you1 er2 you1 , hou4 tian1 xia4 zhi1 le4 er2 le4The first concern is affairs of state, enjoying the pleasure comes later. Quotation from essay On Yueyang Tower 岳阳楼记 by Song writer Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹
137先天性缺陷 xiān tiān xìng quē xiànxian1 tian1 xing4 que1 xian4birth defect
138先天愚型 xiān tiān xíngxian1 tian1 yu2 xing2Down syndrome; trisomy 21
139先头 先頭 xiān tóuxian1 tou2in advance; ahead; before; previously
140先王 xiān wángxian1 wang2former kings; former emperors; in Confucian writing, refers esp. to the sage rulers Yao and the kings of Zhou
141先王之道 xiān wáng zhī dàoxian1 wang2 zhi1 dao4the way of former kings
142先王之乐 先王之樂 xiān wáng zhī yuèxian1 wang2 zhi1 yue4the music of former kings
143先王之政 xiān wáng zhī zhèngxian1 wang2 zhi1 zheng4the rule of former kings
144先下手为强 先下手為強 xiān xià shǒu wéi qiángxian1 xia4 shou3 wei2 qiang2strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the first move is an advantage.
145先贤 先賢 xiān xiánxian1 xian2worthy predecessor; distinguished person of the past; former sage
146先行者 xiān xíng zhěxian1 xing2 zhe3forerunner
147先验 先驗 xiān yànxian1 yan4a priori (philosophy)
148先验概率 先驗概率 xiān yàn gài xian1 yan4 gai4 lu:4prior probability (statistics)
149先忧后乐 先憂後樂 xiān yōu hòu xian1 you1 hou4 le4to plan or worry ahead and enjoy only afterwards; First labor, then enjoy. (idiom)
150先有 xiān yǒuxian1 you3prior; preexisting
151先有后婚 先有後婚 xiān yǒu hòu hūnxian1 you3 hou4 hun1marriage arranged following a pregnancy; marriage necessitated by an unplanned pregnancy
152先斩后奏 先斬後奏 xiān zhǎn hòu zòuxian1 zhan3 hou4 zou4first decapitate then present your trophy (idiom); act first, report later
153先兆 xiān zhàoxian1 zhao4omen
154先哲 xiān zhéxian1 zhe2distinguished precursor; famous thinker of antiquity
155先知 xiān zhīxian1 zhi1prophet
156先知先觉 先知先覺 xiān zhī xiān juéxian1 zhi1 xian1 jue2foresight; having foresight; person of foresight
157先奏后斩 先奏後斬 xiān zòu hòu zhǎnxian1 zou4 hou4 zhan3to report first and act afterwards (idiom)
158先祖 xiān xian1 zu3deceased grandfather; ancestry
159相面先生 xiàng miàn xiān shēngxiang4 mian4 xian1 sheng1physiognomist
160遥遥领先 遙遙領先 yáo yáo lǐng xiānyao2 yao2 ling3 xian1a long way in front; to lead by a wide margin
161一马当先 一馬當先 dāng xiānyi1 ma3 dang1 xian1to take the lead
162意存笔先,画尽意在 意存筆先,畫盡意在 cún xiān , huà jìn zàiyi4 cun2 bi3 xian1 , hua4 jin4 yi4 zai4the idea is present before the first stroke of the brush, when the last stroke is placed the idea shines through
163意在笔先 意在筆先 zài xiānyi4 zai4 bi3 xian1to work out a composition before starting to write (idiom)
164优先承购权 優先承購權 yōu xiān chéng gòu quányou1 xian1 cheng2 gou4 quan2prior purchase right; right of first refusal (ROFR); preemptive right to purchase
165优先股 優先股 yōu xiān you1 xian1 gu3preferred stock
166优先认股权 優先認股權 yōu xiān rèn quányou1 xian1 ren4 gu3 quan2preemptive right (in share issue)
167有言在先 yǒu yán zài xiānyou3 yan2 zai4 xian1to make clear beforehand; to forewarn (idiom)
168有约在先 有約在先 yǒu yuē zài xiānyou3 yue1 zai4 xian1to have a prior engagement
169欲合先离 欲合先離 xiān yu4 he2 xian1 li2separation first and then reunion (idiom)
170欲善其事,必先利其器 shàn shì , xiān yu4 shan4 qi2 shi4 , bi4 xian1 li4 qi2 qi4To do a good job, an artisan needs the best tools (idiom). Good tools are prerequisite to the successful execution of a job
171在先 zài xiānzai4 xian1to come first; previous; prior; beforehand; first; formerly
172早先 zǎo xiānzao3 xian1previously; before
173占先 佔先 zhàn xiānzhan4 xian1to take precedence
174账房先生 賬房先生 zhàng fáng xiān shengzhang4 fang2 xian1 sheng5bookkeeper (old)
175争先 爭先 zhēng xiānzheng1 xian1to compete to be first; to contest first place
176直系祖先 zhí xiānzhi2 xi4 zu3 xian1direct ancestor
177制敌机先 制敵機先 zhì xiānzhi4 di2 ji1 xian1to get the jump on the enemy (idiom)
178中国少年先锋队 中國少年先鋒隊 zhōng guó shǎo nián xiān fēng duìZhong1 guo2 Shao3 nian2 Xian1 feng1 dui4Young Pioneers of China
179主不先客 zhǔ xiān zhu3 bu4 xian1 ke4guests or visitors first (idiom)
180爱罗先珂 愛羅先珂 Àì luó xiān Ai4 luo2 xian1 ke1Vasili Eroshenko (1890-1952), Russian writer and poet who wrote in Esperanto and Japanese
181先进个人 先進個人 xiān jìn rénxian1 jin4 ge4 ren2(official accolade) advanced individual; exemplary individual

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