The China Statistical Yearbook, the annual publication of China Statistics Press, is one of the most important tools in any China researcher's library.
The 2000 Edition's twenty-three chapters and two appendices focus on comprehensive data series in 1999 and reflect various aspects of China's social and economic development.
This yearbook is also supplemented with brief introductions and explanatory notes which give a description of the concepts behind and scope of the data, the calculation methods used, and historical analysis.
Every chapter starts with a brief introduction. It explains coverage of this chapter, data sources, statistical coverage, statistical methods and historical changes. In addition, explanatory notes on main statistical indicators are provided at the end of each part.
The national data in this book do not include that of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan except the divisions of administrative area, territory, forest resources.
The units of measurement used in this book are internationally standard measurement units.
The major data sources of this publication are obtained from annual statistical reports, and some from sample surveys. Data of Taiwan and the Region of Macao are collected from Monthly Statistics Bulletin and Statistical Yearbook compiled by Taiwan and Macao respectively. Data for major countries and territories are collected from various statistical publications published by the United Nations.
Coverage of Statistics and Survey Methods (Sample - Employment and Wages )
I. Brief Introduction:
The data in this chapter show the basic conditions of China’s labor economy, including the main data of labor statistics of the whole country and 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities under the direct leadership of the central government, such as the economically active population, number of the employed persons and staff and workers, number of persons employed in the urban and rural private enterprises and self-employed persons in industry and commerce, number of registered unemployed persons in urban areas, total wages and average wages of the staff and workers and the changes in index, etc.
II. There are three main sources for the data published in this chapter:
(1) Data on basic conditions of employment (tables 5-1 to 5-13), new-employed persons in urban areas and total wage bill of fully employed workers and staff (tables 5-17 to 5-23), detailed tables on the educational level etc. of employed and urban unemployed persons (tables 5-24 to 5-33) are collected and tabulated in accordance with the Comprehensive Labor Statistics Reporting System, Sample Survey on the Change of Population, Urban Labor Force Survey, and Rural Social and Economic Survey of the National Bureau of Statistics. They are prepared and provided by the Department of Population, Social and Science Statistics, NBS.
(2) Data on the number of registered unemployed persons in the urban areas , the employment services and the exchanges of labor force (tables 5-24 and 5-25) are collected in line with the Statistical Reporting System on Training and Employment and provided by the Ministry of Labor and Social Insurance.
(3) Data on the number of persons employed in the urban and rural private enterprises and self-employed persons in industry and commerce (tables 5-14 to 5-16) are collected through Statistical Reports on Basic Conditions of Urban and Rural Private Enterprises and Statistical Reports on Basic Conditions of Urban and Rural Individual Industrial and Commercial Business and provided by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.
III. Coverage of statistics and survey methods:
(1) Coverage of statistics: The Comprehensive Labor Statistics Reporting System covers all independent accounting units. The Sample Survey on the Change of Population covers total population of China. The Urban Labor Force Survey covers population aged 15 and over in the urban areas, i.e. the areas under the jurisdiction of districts in the cities or streets in other cities where there are no districts, or neighborhood committees in towns in cities or counties. The Rural Social and Economic Survey covers all rural areas below township level in China. The Statistical Reporting System on Training and Employment covers all urban population of China. The Statistical Reports on Basic Conditions of Urban and Rural Private Enterprises and on Basic Conditions of Urban and Rural Individual Industrial and Commercial Business cover the whole society.
(2) Survey methodology: A complete enumeration and reporting from lower levels to higher levels is used in the Comprehensive Labor Statistics Reporting System. A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling scheme is used in the Urban Labor Force Survey and in the Sample Survey on the Population Changes. The Rural Social and Economic Survey adopts a multi-state balanced systematic sampling scheme. Statistics on training, employment, private enterprises and self-employed business are collected compiled on basis of administrative records.
Table of Contents
1. Division of Administrative Areas and Natural Resources
2. General Survey
3. National Accounts
5. Employment and Wages
6. Investment in Fixed Assets
7. Production and Consumption of Energy
8. Government Finance
9. Price Indices
10. People's Livelihood
11. General Survey of Cities
15. Transportation, Postal and Telecommunications Services
16. Domestic Trade
17. Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation
19. Banking and Insurance
20. Education, Science and Culture
21. Sports, Public Health, Social Welfare and Others
22. Main Social and Economic Indicators of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR)
23. Main Social and Economic Indicators of Macao Administrative Region